Orcha, Fort and Palace

Orcha a small sleepy town on the banks of river Betwa but it was once the capital of the mighty Bundelkhand  State of Madhya Pradesh .

Orcha , Madhya Pradesh

Founded by the King Rudra Pratap Singh, a Rajput ruler of Bundelkhand , was the first king of Orcha and built the Fort in 1501 AD ,  a warrior tribe, whose  ancestors  one young Rajput prince  sacrificed his life for a  Goddess, Vrindavasini, in return, the Goddess blessed  that he and all his descendants would come to be known as the ‘Bundelas’, meaning, ‘those who gave blood’   the Orchha Bundelas came to be known as the chief of the Bundela clan.

Orcha Fort & Palace

The succeeding rulers, the most notable was Raja Bir Singh Ju Deo who built the exquisite Jehangir Mahal, in the 17th century, to celebrate the visit of Emperor Jehangir to Orcha,  a tiered palace crowned by graceful Chhatris. The whole Mahal is decorated beautifully with different geometric patterns and paintings of peacocks and flowers which represent the finest flowering of the Bundela school of painting. From here the view of soaring temple spires and cenotaphs is spectacular.  the mother of Jahangir was also a Rajput, Jodha. It is with this in mind that the Rajput king of Orcha had built the Jahangir Mahal.

Ceiling Paintings Raja Mahal Orcha

The Durbar-e-Khas, or the Durbar Hall, is situated on the first floor of the palace and is surrounded by high battlement walls. It is well fortified, and right above it are a number of musket holes through which the enemy was shot at. The Diwan-i-Am is an assembly hall where the king often held meetings with his council of ministers.

Jahangir Mahal Orcha

Rani Mahal  is famous for its lovely paintings and unique architecture. Rani Mahal, was the royal residence of the Queen of Raja Madhukar Shah. A great devotee of Lord Ram, the queen decorated her bedroom with murals featuring scenes from the epics. The exquisite paintings of Bhim and a bird flying with elephants are really fantastic.

Wall and ceiling paintings Orcha

The Rai Praveen Palace was constructed by Prince Indrajit Singh for his beloved  of three stories. The walls of the central hall on the second story bear many paintings depicting the several moods of the Rai Praveen. The palace is combined with a garden divided into two parts wall and which is popularly known as Anand Mahal Bag (Garden). The Rai Praveen was a great beauty whose main accomplishments were dancing, horse riding and poetry. The famous poet Keshavdas has compiled Kavi priya to honor Rai Praveen and praised her beauty.

In the Laxminarayan Temple and Raj Mahal, vibrant murals encompassing a variety of religious and secular themes, bring the walls and ceilings to rich life. Long tapering structures of temples and places act as the major landmark of this small town .

Raja Rudra Pratap started the work on Raja Mahal but after his death in 1531, his son Bharath Chand did the main portion of the palace but it was completed Raja  Madhukar Shah , one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture. It has the typical “jali” or lattice work at the entrance , a square shaped palace, divided into two beautiful courtyards. The outer courtyard has some beautiful arches, while the inner ones have some of the most beautiful paintings.

Ram Raja Temple , it is the only place in India where the Lord Ram is worshiped as a King in a Palace receives the Guard of Honor every day , Raja Ram is seated in a Padama Asan with the left leg crossed  on to right thigh ,  has a sword in his right hand and a shield in the other , Mata Sita is on the left  brother Laxman on the right , Maharaj Sugreev , Narsingh Bhagwan and  Durga Maa are also present in the darbar on the right side ,  Hanumaan ji and Jamwant ji are praying just below Mata Sita.

Chaturbhuj Temple , Raja Ram Idols were to be kept here

 

Originally the Chaturbhuj temple was built to place the Idols of Lord Ram but when Idol  was brought from Ayudhya it was kept at the Queens Palace  the Ranibas or the Rani Mahal to be installed at Chaturbhuj Temple which is right next to the palace  but next day it could not be removed and since then Lord Ram is being worshiped as Raja Ram  at the palace .

There are fourteen Chatries or memorials  constructed as a mark of respect for the imperial blue blood of the mighty rulers of Bundelkhand dynasty. The royal tombs of MaharajasChhatris are placed on a elevated platform three floors buildings are open on all sides, have domes or pinnacles.

Royal Family cremation site , Chattries banks of River Betwa

 For more information and packages contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India +44 7700093414

Office Contact : (05.30 GMT)  011 45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website : promarktravels.com 

Blog : promarktravels.com/blog 

Teli Ka Mandir , Telang Mandir , Gwalior

Teli Ka Mandir or Telang Mandir was built in 8th Century during the period of King Mihir Bhoj  .The structure of the temple presents a perfect fusion of the Northern and Southern architectural styles of India. The ‘Shikhar’ (spire) of the temple is  Dravidian in its style, whereas the ornamentation is done in the Nagara style (specific to North India). Teli Ka mandir  doesn’t have any ‘Mandap’ or pillared hall. The temple comprises a Garbha Griha  a porch and a doorway.

Teli Ka Mandir , Telang Mandir Gwalior Fort

Teli Ka Mandir is 100 feet  the tallest and most stunning temple in the  Gwalior Fort. The temple is actually dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the form of his mount, Garuda. A  honeycomb design with a series of receding pointed arches within an arch. The entrance door has a Toran or archway with  images of river goddesses Yamuna and Ganga, romantic couples, foliation decoration and a Garuda . Diamond and lotus designs are seen on the horizontal band at the top of the arch

Entrance to the Garbha Griha , Teli Ka Mandir

Within the rectangular structure is a shrine with no pillared pavilions   with a Barrel Vaulted or  Valabhi roof 25 meters (82 ft) in height. Figures of amorous couples, coiled serpents, on the doorway one can see the ladies from a royal family sailing in a decorated  boat , one  of the maid having an umbrella for shade , above it are coiled snakes   .  At the  The central position on the doorway is dominated by the figure of flying Garuda.

Torana or Arched door way at Teli Ka mandir

There are legends about the name of this temple . One says  it was made from donation of a Oil merchant who locally called Teli, given its name Teli’s Temple. The other story says as it was built form princes from Telengana (region in South India) it is called Teli Ka Mandir. One more  story says, “Teli Ka Mandir” term came as this Rajput Temple according to some legends, Rashtrakuta Govinda III conquered the Fort in 794 AD . He then handled the rites of religious ceremonies and rituals to Telang Brahmins , it seems to be true because of its fusion of Indo Aryan and Dravidian architecture from the Telangana region .

For more information and packages contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India  + 44 7700093414

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Blog : www.promark@promarktravels.com/blog 

Sahastra Bahu Mandir , Saas Bahu Mandir , Gwalior

Sahastra Bahu or Saas Bahu Temple is within the Gwalior Fort complex ,   built in 1092 AD by the King Mahipal ,  it is a twin temple a  larger one dedicated to  Lord Vishnu Lord with Thousand arms ( Sahastra Bahu )  it is the most impressive structure  32 x 22 meters ,  built  for  the King  Mahipal’s wife who  was a devotee  of Lord Vishnu ,  a smaller one dedicated to Lord Sun built for her daughter – in – Law  who  was  a  devotee  of  Lord Shiva .  Collectively called  the Mother – in – Law      ( Saas )  and  Daughter – in – Law  ( Bahu ) Temple . Both intricately carved and designed with floral and mythical motifs.

Saas Bahu or Sahastra Bahu Temple Gwalior Fort

Raised on a platform, the walls of the temple have scriptures, figures and intricate stone works and is an example of the architectural skills of sculptors belonging to the 11th century.

Sahastra Bahu or Saas Bahu Temple Gwalior Fort

Using the red sand stone with several stories of beams and pillars but no arches.It has got three entrances , entire temple is covered with idols ,  Lord Bhrama ,  Lord Vishnu and Saraswati ( Godess of Learning)  placed above its entry door.

Pillars supporting and no arches

Built in Nagara style, both the temples are richly decorated with carvings of deities, human and animal figures, and geometric patterns .  It is difficult to find a piece of plane surface in this section that has not been carved,  interlocking the horizontal and the vertical elements and to set up the images at the most appropriate places.

Thirty Meter high carved ceiling Sahastra Bahu Temple

The roof is decked with a wonderful lotus carving which is one of its main attractions. In a way, one can imagine the outstanding architectural brilliancy of ancient times in India . The ceiling containing the pattern of the successive formations of the square, the octagon and the circle is repeated, in its variant forms, in the porches and the central hall.

The Smaller temple is  one-storey replica of the bigger one. Apart from the erotic couples that are particularly  here and not in the other temple , it carries the usual features the floral motif, the geometrical designs, the animal bands running on the surface of the plinth.  It doesn’t have the intricate fully or partially relieved  deities and the smaller pillars.

 For more information and packages contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India  + 44 7700093414

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Blog : www.promark@promarktravels.com/blog

 

Gwalior , Madhya Pradesh

No Comments

Gwalior is situated 320 km from Delhi,  in Madhya Pradesh state , one can reach by road , there are regular daily trains from Delhi it is about four hour journey by fast trains ,  also there is a domestic airport which is connected with Mumbai and Delhi flights.

Gwalior a historical city of central India founded by a Kachwaha Rajput  Suraj Sen of Silhonia Village  in 8th centenary , the legend is the Suraj Sen who was suffering from Leprosy lost his way on a hunting expedition in this area , suffering from thirst and hunger  he was then helped by a Sage Gwalipa who not only led him to  a water pond but also got him cured of Leprosy . To pay him a respect and in gratitude a city was founded by his name , initially wall was made to protect the area where sage Gwalipa lived , then Suraj Sen built a palace within the walled area upon the hill , slowly people started living around it .

Water Pond where King Suraj Sen Leprosy was cured

 

Temple dedicated to Sage Gwalipa

After its establishment many different rulers came , ruled around and over it and became a prominent place for religion and cultural development . 6 BC it was under the control from Patliputra under Naad Kingdom , in first centenary Naag  Dynesty Kushans came and ruled till 3rd AD , it was with Guptas till 467 AD  and then Pratihar Dynesty ruled and made it capital of Kannauj till 740 AD . Kachwahas were the rulers when Mohmmad Gauri invaded and plundered the area around it  but could not succeed to capture the fort in  1195-96 AD ,  It was Shams Ud- Din Iltumish in 1231 AD after one year siege , succeeded and this fort came under the Muslim rulers .

Man Mandir Palace , Fort Gwalior

Tomar Raja Veer Singh became the ruler in 1375 AD and during the Raja Man Singh the present Palace Man Mandir was constructed . It came in the hands of Scindia in 1730 AD and became a Princely state during the British period .

Shalbhanjika

Places to be worth visiting are  Gwalior Fort , Fort Museum , Sahatrabahu temple, Teli Ka ( Telang)  Mandir , Gurudwara Data Bandi Chor , Gujri Mahal and Museum, one must ask the curator to show the Shalbhanjika  10th Centenary a beautiful carved lady in a stone feminine features with smiling face , it is kept in a strong room because of its archaeological importance .

For more information and packages contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India + 44 7700093414

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Blog: www.promarktravels.com/blog