Kumbhalgarh Fort Rajasthan was built by Rana Kumbha over a hilltop 3600 ft. above the sea level with perimeter walls 36 km in length and frontal walls are fifteen feet thick with seven fortified gates , it is the second longest wall in the world. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
The location of Kumbhalgarh fort had the advantage of its location ,it is enclosed within 13 mountains of Arawalis range the rough hostile landscape. Kumbhalgarh Fort also separated Mewar and Marwar and was often used as a place of refuge by the rulers of Mewar at times of danger. It is said that Rana Kumbha built 32 forts in his life but it is the largest .
The perimeter walls made of ramparts between 3-5 meter in height, enforced by circular structures constructed using rubble and brick masonry using lime mortar, plastered at few places. The characteristic elements of Mewar defensive . access are to the fort are through zigzag turns walled pathway between the gates, the small side cells, chambers for guards, the horizontal beams rather than arches are part fortifications .
Due to its strategic location, it is considered as the second most important fort after Chittor fort of Rajasthan. Constructed between 1443 AD and 1458 AD under the supervision of famous architect Mandan. The fort was constructed on the site of an older castle supposed to be of 2nd BC it was virtually inaccessible in the 15th century Kumbhalgarh fort is on a high hill overlooking the approaches from Ajmer and Marwar. On the completion of this fort Maharana Kumbha issued a coin engraved fort and its name.
The walls of fort are broad enough to have space for eight horses can stand side by side
The important buildings within the fort are Badal Mahal, Kumbha Palace, Brahmanical and Jain Temples, water reservoirs, baoris, (step-wells) chhattris etc. Kumbhalgarh Fort is one of the very few forts in history, which never got conquered
Badal Mahal is situated at the highest point , it is a two story structure divided into two portion Zanana Mahal (Ladies Chamber) and Mardana Mahal ( Mens Chamber) . There are decorative wall paintings all over and Ladies chamber has the stone Jalis to give privacy to the royal ladies but they could watch all the proceedings in the royal court . From Badal Mahal one can have a panoramic view of the countryside from the top, the Temples , gardens, water reservoirs, Baolis and town within the fort .
There are around 360 Jain and Hindu temples within the fort .
The mansion known as Jhalia-ka-Malia or the Palace of Queen Jhali it is believed to be the birth place of Maharana Pratap a great Rajput Warrior.
The fort as a whole in its cultural values and other attributes such as forms of fortification walls, palace complexes, group of temples devoted to different sects and faiths, water bodies, other structures, material of constructions, its shape and design, traditional values, use and beliefs are still preserved intact .
Fort is open from 0800 hrs till 1800 hrs everyday, it is 45 km from Udaipur, can be done in a day, there is a entry ticket to the fort .
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