Kargil | Aryans Villages

Aryans villages are situated near the India – Pakistan Line of Control ( LOC ), it is a 65 km drive from Kargil, after crossing over the Humboting-La pass. Just before the villages on the banks of river Sindhu (Indus) a road goes up to Batalik village on LOC it is a restricted area.  Darchik village is on the left bank of river. there are other Aryans villages within 45-50 km Garkon , Dah and Hanu and few more at some distance on the banks of Sindhu river.

Red Aryan Lady from Darchik village, Batalik, Kargil

Red Aryan Lady from Darchik village, Batalik, Kargil

 

Red Aryan Man from Darchik village, Batalik, Kargil

Red Aryan Man from Darchik village, Batalik, Kargil

Settlers of these villages are different from other villagers in neighboring villages , they are Brokpa, Dard people claim to have migrated from Gilgit , they have lived in isolation in their inaccessible villages , they claim to be pure bloodline of Aryans, they also claim to be the descendants from Alexander’s army solders who never returned with their contingent while retreating in 326 BC from the banks of river Indus ( Sindhu) , they also call them self “Minaro”. According to a legend there were three brothers Dulo, Galo and Melo who came in search of fertile land and got settled here and people from these villages are their decedents.

Lady from Red Aryans Darichik village, Batalik, Kargil

Lady from Red Aryans Darichik village, Batalik, Kargil

Red Aryans village , Garkon, young man , Batalik, Kargil

Red Aryans village , Garkon, young man , Batalik, Kargil

 

These people are tall, high cheek bone, green or blue eyes, fair complexion and few have blonde hair, they are not shy of wearing the modern cloths but their traditional dress men wear a long maroon gown a cloth tied on waist, woolen trouser , women weat a long gown made of goat skin without arms , decorated with shells, silver and pearl ornaments . The headgear called “Tepi” is with silver base decorated with fresh and dried flowers from the mountains , they wear sheep wool shoes.

Red Aryans village, Darchik, Buddhist monastery, Batalik, Kargil

Red Aryans village, Darchik, Buddhist monastery, Batalik, Kargil

 

They are nature lovers strict vegetarians except for their festival “Bon Na” when they sacrifice a goat to their God “La”, they follow “Bon” which is older than but similar to Buddhism of Tibet , they follow the Tibetan solar calendar and celebrate the “Lohsar” the Tibetan New Year , they also use “Swastika” sign in their celebrations probably this is the one of the identity their being Aryans. Ibex are sacred for them

Red Aryans village Garkon, school kids, Batalik, Kargil

Red Aryans village Garkon, school kids, Batalik, Kargil

 

These villages are in a narrow valley with warm weather due to low altitude, dry rocks on higher reaches but these villages are green due to their positions near the drains pouring their water in Sindhu river. they grow Millet, Barley, Apples, Apricot, Walnut, grapes, tomatoes , they take two crops in a year. they extract oil from Apricot seed which is therapeutic and used as medicine, their staple food is roasted barley flour with salted butter tea (cha tsampa) . they do not consume Cow milk or its products , eggs and chicken, they take goat milk,  Festivals are celebrated with wine of grapes ( gunchang), they are experts in making Apricot red and white wine . Dancing and singing is part of any celebrations with drums and pipe called “Dingjangs”

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Churu Havelis Fresco Paintings

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Churu Havelis Frescos Paintings

Churu is a small sleepy town in Rajasthan on the edge of Desert , also known as the gateway to Thar Desert. This place was founded by The Jat Chieftain – Churru in 1620 and the it was later taken over by The Rathores of Bikaner in 1871.

One of the abandond haveli at Churu

One of the abandond haveli at Churu

 

Main entrance of a Haveli

Main entrance of a Haveli

This town was on the caravan trading route during the 18th century when the Marwari merchants had established themselves in Central Asia , Iran, Afghanistan , Nepal, Tibet, Burma and Thailand dealing in Horses, Silk , Ivory, Opium, wool and spices they had established themselves by migrating with the Rajput and Mughal armies , setting up the banking system , became money launderers , even the royal families gave them the rights of collecting revenue in exchange towards the loan for the state . These Marwaris with simple food habits made their homes showcasing their wealth.

Fresco painting outer wall of a haveli in Churu

Fresco painting outer wall of a haveli in Churu

 

Inner walls Fresco paintings , courtyard Haveli in Churu

Inner walls Fresco paintings , courtyard Haveli in Churu

Havelis are compact with a courtyard , tall buildings with 1.6 ft. thick stone walls with small openings of shaded projections covered with perforated stones screen , rooms with roof minimum 15 feet height  plastered with limes mortar , paintings were not possible on the local available rough surface stones, smooth white surface was created , paintings were done in variety of colours obtained from natural stone or vegetables, many places extensive work in gold and mirror added to the beauty , in Churu havilies were built from 1840s until 1950s .

Fresco paintings inner walls of haveli in Churu

Fresco paintings inner walls of haveli in Churu

Apart from these havelis (mansions), baithaks (reception space for guests), dharamshalas (caravan sarai), nohras (service area), dukans (shop), mandirs (temple), samadhis (memorial structure), chhatris (cenotaphs), bageechis (pleasure garden) and gaushalas(cattle shelter) were also made .

Fresco flower designs inner wall of a haveli in Churu

Fresco flower designs inner wall of a haveli in Churu

The presence of frescoes painted on the external and internal walls of most buildings. The region boasts of a unique collection of painted buildings.  a rare profusion of finely executed mural paintings across hundreds of beautiful havelis (mansions), temples, cenotaphs, dharamshalas (inns), shops, sarais, wells and tanks.

Shekhawati and Italian style pillars , guest area in a haveli at Churu

Shekhawati and Italian style pillars , guest area in a haveli at Churu

These paintings depict the lavish style of living, fashion style, jewellery,  activities of daily life, folklore tales, rulers, war heros , Hindu God and Godesses , events , train , cars, animals, British rulers and even film actors .

Pillars , Shekhawati and Italian style , haveli at Churu

Pillars , Shekhawati and Italian style , haveli at Churu

After the establishment of the British in India, Marwari merchants started migrating to Calcutta and other places in central India flourshing even more and spent and decorated more on the palatial houses for their families in Churu , with the time they have scattered and settled elsewhere ,

Bedroom wall and cealing paintings, haveli in Churu

Bedroom wall and cealing paintings, haveli in Churu

 

Cealing and wall of a bedroom , haveli in Churu

Cealing and wall of a bedroom , haveli in Churu

many of these havelis are in dilapidated state in the absence of proper care but still one can see their glorious past .

Fresco Paintings Cenotaph of a Marwari merchant at Churu

Fresco Paintings Cenotaph of a Marwari merchant at Churu

These painted buildings are unique to the region and worthy of not just national but international recognition.

For more information contact  +91 9810506646

Office contact +91 (011) 45725562 , 45725563

Email  promark@promarktravels.com 

Blog : http//:explorationswithanilrajput.com/blog 

Channel : YouTube : explorations with anilrajput