Majuli | Ancient art of Pottery

No Comments

Majuli ancient art of pottery is as old as used in ancient time at Mohanjodaro and Harappa  it is not in practice anywhere in India or else where,  methods suggest a historic origin of this activity. According to Archaeologists the pottery industry in Majuli has been a missing link between Mohenjodaro and Harappan civilizations during which period the pottery industry flourished. The Kumhar community of about 500 families spread over mainly three villages the Salmora , Chinatoli and Dakshinpath on Majuli Island actively involved in this art of  making and trading the earthen pots.

Earthen Pots made in Majuli

Earthen Pots made in Majuli

Pottery is a hereditary profession. It is practiced by the successive generations of the community members, irrespective of their castes. Potters are dependent on the river Brahmaputra as it provides clay required for making pots, the women shape the pots by putting the layers of clay and beating softly with wooden bat and raising the desired size with fingers and palm.

Ancient art of pottery , Majuli Island

Ancient art of pottery , Majuli Island

once the desired shape is made the pots are dried in open air and sunlight.

Earthen pots are first dried in open air and sun light

Earthen pots are first dried in open air and sun light

Clay required for making pots is dug out from clay pits about 30 feet deep from the ground along the banks of the river, pits get replenished during the annual floods of the river, the availability of the clay is in abundance.

Fire Baked earthen pots near the fire klin , Majuli Island

Fire Baked earthen pots near the fire klin , Majuli Island

For many centuries Pots are made from beaten clay and burnt in driftwood-fired kilns .

One can reach Majuli by road from Jorhat to Nimatigaht take a ferry cross river Bharamputra 1.30 hr.  to reach Kamalabari ghat and then jeep/bus to Gramurh , Majuli Island is also port of call river cruise M.V.Mahabaahu

For more information call +91 9810506646

Callers from outside India + 44 7700093414

Office contacts (+5.30 GMT) 011-45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email: promark@promarktravels.com

Website: http://promarktravels.com , http://majulitourism.in , http://rivercruisesindia.com

Blog :  http://promarktravels.com/blog

Majuli | Mishing Tribe Culture

Mishing Tribe of Majuli 

Mishing or Miri migrated few century ago from the hills of Arunachal in search of fertile and safe land, they are one of the most colorful tribe fun loving enjoying the life, have their own music, musical instruments, dance and songs for different occasions.

Worship mother Sun and father Moon and believe that their ancestor Abotani ( the first man on earth) as their son, they have their own religion “Mishing Faith” the two forms, Animism and Vaishnavism, are two different ways of religion, but they have coexisted in the Mishing society without any conflict .

Mishing Tribe girls performing Bihu, Majuli Island

Mishing Tribe girls performing Bihu, Majuli Island

Strict rule for not to marry in same clan or different clan but have a brotherhood.Most of the marriages are with elopement and then seek the blessings from elders, arrange marriages are quite often when two three meetings are done over a plate of rice and home brewed Beer .

Mishing Tribe enjoying Moran Bihu, Majuli Island

Mishing Tribe enjoying Moran Bihu, Majuli Island

Houses are stilted made of bamboo over the wooden posts and beams, floor and walls are of bamboo, it has a thatched roof, houses are in cluster with granary and cowshed, poultry, piggery and goats are quite common, Fishing and growing different variety of paddy rice, mustard, pulses, maze, tobacco, vegetables is main job, they prepare two type a rice beer and greet their guests with it.

Mishing village family home, Majuli Island

Mishing village family home, Majuli Island

Traditional institutions like Murang is a community bachelor boys home which performs the protecting role for the village , Mimbir Yame  is a group of young unmarried boys and girls who are taught Mishing ethics, discipline and community rules, farming , house making , wedding arrangements or any where help is needed they take care .

Each village has its village chief and ( Kebang) council who take care of village community his words are final in matters to the faith , small disputes and crime , person found guilty are punished. The Bane Kebang is group of two or more villages council Jurry consisting of selected elderly people , judgement delivered is honored by all.

Mishing village home , Majuli Island

Mishing village home , Majuli Island

Weaving is part of every household. they have been making cotton and silk cloth even with growing of cotton , rearing the silk worms , spinning the threads, dying and then weaving the famous varieties from Assam .

Mishing Tribe lady on hand-loom, Majuli Island

Mishing Tribe lady on hand-loom, Majuli Island

Mishing textile piece, called gadu. It is the traditional Mishing blanket, fluffy on one side, and it is woven on a traditional loin loom.

Mishing Tribe Hand-loom Mekhla , Majuli Island

Mishing Tribe Hand-loom cloth , Majuli Island

Making use of bamboo for their daily use items , wood work is limited to boat making only. one can see a canoe with each house hold.

Mishing man making bamboo trap for fishing, Majuli Island

Mishing man making bamboo trap for fishing, Majuli Island

There are several dances and festivals of the Mishing tribe. Their dances are called Paksong or Soman similar to Bihu , three type of songs are sung , Aku singers sings about the history and culture , Oi and Anu nitone are love songs , modern instruments along with traditional Bansuri (flute) clapping of metal bells are used.

One can reach Majuli from Jorhat by road to Nimatighat cross river Brahmaputra 1.30 hr. ferry to Kamalabari Ghat and then jeep/bus to Gramur , it is also a port of call for river cruise M.V. Mahabaahu 

For more information contact  +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India + 44 7700093414

Office contact : (+05.30 GMT) 011 – 45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email: promark@promarktravels.com

Website: http://promarktravels.com 

 http://majulitourism.in

 http://rivercruisesindia.com

Blog: http://promarktravels.com/blog

 

Majuli, Deori Tribe Culture

No Comments

Deori Tribe of Majuli

Deoris  migrated from hills staying at various places and then finally reached Majuli through river Brahmaputra, they call themselves children of Sun and Moon (Jimo – Chaayan) have their own culture and faith along with the Hindu Gods they worship their ancestors, they served as priests for the royal families even today they have same respect among the other tribal communities. Deori means wise male and female.

Deori Tribal Ladies , Majuli Island

Deori Tribal Ladies , Majuli Island

Houses are stilted built by using bamboo, cane and wood, animals are on the lower level and upper level family stays, normally there is a corridor till the center of house which is used for all day to day work, there is place for faith in God and each home have a reserved place for it.

Deori Tribal Village house , Majuli Island

Deori Tribal Village house , Majuli Island

 

Marriages are arranged by the family elders and day is fixed, as gift cloths and ornaments are offered and it is solemnized in the presence of community as a religious ceremony. They enjoy rice, pork, goat, fowl in their meals.

Deori Tribal Mother and Child, Majul Island

Deori Tribal Mother and Child, Majul Island

Two major festivals associated with the agriculture activity, Magiyo Bisu is celebrated in the month of January and Ibaku Bisu is in April, there are special rules, it is celebrated for seven days, the village elders shower blessings by visiting all the houses and, puja is performed in each house by the head of family, guests are treated with homemade rice beer “Suzen” young boys and girls gather in an open space and dance the whole night.

Bhohagiyo Bisu is a religious festival and a very important Deodhani dance celebrated for two weeks, it is believed that a special power is there with few who can be a Deodhani, they predict about the prosperity of village or person, it is a holy female god dance and during this period no men are allowed in colored clothes in the dance area called the “Than”. Joydam festival is celebrated in the month of February it is very important festival and cultural meet for all the four groups of Deori tribes, it is to pay the respect to motherland and celebrate the bumper harvest or before the sowing of seeds, the main profession of Deori tribe is agriculture .

One can reach Majuli from Jorhat to Nimatighat by road and the take a 1.30 hr. ferry to cross the Brahmaputra , it  is also a port of call for river cruise M.V.Mahabaahu 

For more information call +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India +44 7700093414

Office hours ( +5.30 GMT)  011 45725562, 45725563, 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website: http://promarktravels.com ,

http://majulitourism.in 

http://rivercruisesindia.com

 

Garhi Padawali Temple , Morena ,Gwalior

Garhi Padavali temple Morena, Gwalior built in 10th  AD it is  in a village called Padhavali  situated in Distt. Morena 45 km. from Gwalior , old name of Padhavali is Dharon with neighboring towns were Kutwar ( Kantipur ) and Suhaniaya ( Simphania) originally they collectively formed one large city. The Kutwar  is associated with Kunti, the mother of the Pandavas

Garhi Padhvali Temple Entrance

In the early 19th century, the Rana ( Jat ruler ), of Dholpur, converted a ruined temple atop a mound, into a small fort or Garhi. He used stones, said to be the remains of the old town of Dharon, to construct defensive towers for his fort, A flight of stone steps, guarded by two stone lions, lead up to the ruins of the temple within the walls of the Garhi.

Garhi Padhavali Temple , Gwalior

The remains of the old structure stand atop a carved plinth rise sixteen sculpted pillars supporting a flat roof. The terrace, the courtyard and the assembly hall of this temple are the ‘epitome’ of ancient culture . There are intricately carved panels on the stone beams between the pillars. They depict the divinities Surya, Kali, Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma,

Plate depicting Lord Ram & Sita wedding , Garhi Padhavali temple Gwalior

The temple abounds in the depictions of Ram Leela, Krishna Leela, Mahabharat, the 10 incarnations of God Vishnu, Samudra Manthan, Marriage of Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva dancing in the cremation ground in Preta ( Ghost) form and hundreds of other Sanatan gods and goddesses .

Lord Brhama , Shiva and Vishnu in old age and at bottom plate depicting celebration at Nand Gaon the birth of Lord Krishna

Lord Shiva flanked by four-headed Brahma and Vishnu holding a conch, a Chakra, a Gada (club) and a Padma (lotus) in his four hands  and Vishnu seated on Garuda

 

Lord Shiva with Ma Parvati and Nandi , bottom plate depicting war scene of Mahabharata killing of Abhimanyu .

 

 

Ma Chamunda and bottom plate depicting Lord Ram and his army of Vanaras performing Shivalingam puja before the war with Ravana

 

For more information and packages contact +91 9810506646

Callers from outside India (+05.30 GMT India) +44 7700093414

Office contact (+05.30 GMT India)  011- 45725562, 45725563, 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website: promarktravels.com

Blog : promark@promarktravels.com/blog 

 

Chausath Yogini Temple , Morena ,Gwalior

No Comments

Built by the Pratihara ruler Maharaj Devapal in the year 1323 AD as per the inscription found here ,  circular temple, built  over a rock hill , using red and brown-colored sandstone  found abundantly in this area . the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker who designed the Parliament House in 1927, found his inspiration in the temple. Once a well-known tantric  center and some people still perform tantric  rituals , this place is situated in dry rocky region , located in Rithora area of  Morena Distt. about 45 km from Gwalior ,

Chaushath Yogini Mandir , Morena , Gwalior

A circular structure of 170 ft radius atop a 100 ft mount, One needs to trek by about 200 steps to reach the temple, the path is very well maintained.  The temple has 64 (Chausath) rooms and a big courtyard. There is only one small entrance from East , after entering there is a corridor on left and right side , to reach the central platform there is flight of stairs again on the East direction.

Central Platform Chaushath Yogini Mandir , Gwalior

In the circular courtyard there is a corridor supported by stone pillars one side open space and other side is a row of small 64 rooms with a flat roof , in the center there is a pillared stage with a flat roof , it appears that there were shikhars over all the rooms and the central stage , there are four pedestals found with the names of the Yoginis mentioned on them which confirms it is a Yogini Temple.

Corridor Chaushath Yogini Temple , Gwalior

There was a time when each chamber  had an idol of Yogini accompanying Shiva. While some Yogini idols were stolen, some others are adorning Indian museums.

 

Fossil Rock , Chaushath Yogini Temple Gwalior

For more information and packages contact + 91 9810506646

Callers from outside India +44 7700093414

Office contact : 011  45725562, 45725563, 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website : http://promarktravels.com

Blog : http://promarktravels.com/blog

 

 

 

Chaturbhuj Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

No Comments

Chaturbhuj Temple is situated in village Jatakari ,Khajuraho, built in 1100AD , the Chaturbhuj (Lord Vishnu ) means the one with four arms . It is peculiar temple in three distinct characters which differentiate it from other temples of Khajuraho .  It houses the tallest stone carved idol among all the Temples in Khajuraho , only temple in Khajuraho with no Erotic figures, it is also the only important temple in Khajuraho that faces west . 

Chaturbhuj Temple of Love Khajuraho

Standing over a platform with entrance from the West , it is normally  not seen in the Hindu temples but rest all the architecture needs are taken care of like the Mandapa , Garbhagriha and the Shikhara , there are images of Ganga can be identified with the presence of Crocodile and Yamuna can be identified with Turtle , there is a beautiful image of Lord Shiva in his Ardhnarishwar ( half man , half woman) carvings along with the heavenly life .

Main entrance , tallest statue among all the temples at Khajuraho

The main idol is suppose to be of Lord Vishnu but the close observation gives impression of three bodies in one , head with Jata ( hairs) of Lord Shiva , the four arms carrying Lotus, Conch , one arm showering the blessings and the other is giving the Abhay ( fearlessness ) , the standing pasture with one leg resting on toe is a Lord Krishna dancing style ( Incarnation of Lord Vishnu) , near the main idol there are images of Sura – Sundari .

Lord Chaturbhuj , Features of Lord Shiva and Lord Krishana

Beauty of this temple is seen  at sunset the sun comes streaming in and falls on the figure, lighting it in such a way that it appears to be full with life.

For more information and packages contact + 91 9810506646

Office contact (+05.30 GMT)  011 45725562, 45725563, 45725564

Callers from Outside India Call + 44 7700093414

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website : http://promarktravels.com

Blog : http://promarktravels.com/blog 

 

 

Vishwanath Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

Vishwanath Temple at Khajuraho built by the Chandela King Dhanga Deva  in 999 AD to 1002 AD . It was a panchayatana  shrine however of the four subsidiary shrines only two in the northeast and southwest corners have survived. The structure shows all the elements of a developed temple. The beauty of the temple lies in the depiction of the exquisite figures of women on the rock blocks  walls. The temple depicts more than 600 rock-images

Vishwanath Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

Raised over a platform . This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, has an exquisite marble Shivalinga    (it originally housed an emerald lingam)  as the main deity.  It is  believed that the temple celebrates the celestial marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvati.

Vishwanath Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

An imposing  image of the three-headed Lord Brahma  also is enshrined in this temple. With lions adjoining the northern and elephants the southern steps , human figures are also depicted on both side of elephant  the exterior of temple walls are with Apsaras writing letters, playing music and a lovely one plucking a thorn from her foot, women are seen to caress a baby .

Lady early morning got up from bed

Couple in love

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On one of the walls there is a four-armed dancing Lord Ganesh, holding an Axe and broken tusk , in his right hands, and with his left hands holding a laddu (sweet) and extended in a boon-granting gesture. The sculpture of Lord Shiva ( with Trishula on right shoulder  and snake on left shoulder ) can also be seen on outer  wall .

Lord Shiva with Parvati and Lord Brhama with three heads

 

For more information and packages Contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India Call +44 7700093414

Office contact : (+05.30GMT) 011 45725562, 45725563, 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website :http://promarktravels.com

Blog : http://promarktravels.com/blog 

 

Varaha Temple Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

The Varaha Temple dedicated to the third incarnation of lord Vishnu built by the Chandela King Yashaovarman in around 900 to 950 AD Built on a lofty plinth a simple modest pavilion , pyramidal roof of receding tiers resting over fourteen pillars made of sand stone , located just opposite to the Lakshmana temple of Love  .

Varaha tempel Khajuraho

Varaha is the third Avatar ( Incarnation) of the Lord Vishnu, appeared  to defeat Hiranyaksha , a demon who had taken the Earth ( Prithvi ) and carried it to the bottom of  the cosmic ocean . The battle between Varaha and Hiranyaksha is believed to have lasted for a thousand years, which the Lord Vishnu  finally won. Varaha carried the Earth out of the cosmic ocean between his tusks and restored it to its place in the universe. Varaha incarnation of Lord Vishnu married Prithvi ( Bhudevi ) in this avatar.

Varaha with Goddess Saraswati between mouth and nose with Veena , disfigured Bhudevi between the fore legs

The Varaha sculpture is colossal and monolithic and made of sandstone , the entire body 2.6 mtrs long and 1.7 mtrs. tall is covered with small images of Gods and Goddesses  in all there are  674 deities in 12 neatly carved rows symbolism to  the collective  power of these individuals  to the Lords Incarnation as Varaha to save the Bhudevi ( Prithvi ) the earth .

Varaha incarnation of Lord Vishnu with 674 carved images of God and Goddesses on its body

Goddess Sarasvati  playing Veena is carved between nose and mouth, Shesh Nag  (the Serpent ) is lying at the bottom between the legs, facing the Varaha a disfigured image of Bhudevi (The  Earth) can be seen sitting  below Seshnaga, the serpent is depicted in a devotional posture.

 For packages and more information contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Out side India call (+05.30 GMT) +44 7700093414

Office contact (+05.30 GMT) 011 45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website : http://promarktravels.com

Blog : http://promark@promarktravels.com/blog

Khajuraho Temples of Love Madhya Pradesh

Khajuraho a small town in Madhya Pradesh State once use to be the cultural capital of Chandela Rajputs of Central India from the 10 to 12 centenary , the world famous temples also the UNESCO World Heritage Site, were built during 950 AD to 1150 AD by the Chandela artisans .

There is a airport in Khajuraho one can reach here by Air from Delhi and Varanasi , There is a overnight train from Delhi , One can also reach here by taking trains  from Delhi , Agra, Bhopal , Mumbai, Nagpur, Bangalore , Hyderabad , Trivandrum to Jhansi and then a three hours road journey to Khajuraho on way one can visit the Orcha famous for Ram Raja Temple and wall and roof paintings at Orcha Fort .

Originally 85 such temples were built spread over in a 20 sq. km area but now only 25 temples are in good shape , after the decline of Chandelas the local villagers maintained the temples , with time the dense forest cover and weather took the toll and outside world even forgot these temples , in 19 Centenary these temples came in the notice of British Officers but it came on a world tourist map with the efforts of Mr. Shyam Sunder Poddar who visited this place  and his  fore sight saw the importance of this place , he built a hotel which started receiving guests  in 1969 and then Indian Airlines started the first flight from 15 Feb 1969 , his son Mr. Kanti Poddar trained the local people how to deal with the Foreigners , today Khajuraho is a the most visited site after the Taj Mahal in India .

Lakshmana Temple , Khajuraho

People wonder how and what was the purpose these temples were built , the legend is , the Hem Raj the Raj Purohit ( Royal Priest) of  King of Benaras had a beautiful daughter name Hemvati , once she was bathing in the river at a full moon night when The Moon fell in love with her and came down Hemvati got embraced by Moon and got pregnant , she asked the Moon that how she will face the world as she was  not married , The Moon told her that she will have a brave son and she should leave this place and move to Khajuravatika  the Garden of Dates , son who was named Chandravarma

State Emblem of Chandela Rajputs , Khajuraho

The boy was talented , brave and sharp , at  the age of 16 he killed his first Tiger. He was made the king  and his progeny, called Chandel’s . They are regarded to be Chandravanshi  i.e., the descendants of Soma (Sanskrit literal meaning: moon).

Kandharia Mahadev Temple Khajuraho

After some time  Mohoba and then Kalinjar became the Political capital and Khajuraho remained as cultural capital .

Vastu , Geometry, Archetecure and Art at one place Temples of Khajuraho

The Khajuraho temples were built over a span of 200 years, from 950AD to 1150AD .  Khajuraho has no forts because the Chandel Kings never lived in their cultural capital.

One of the Erotic art plate on Temple Outer Wall , Khajuraho

The erotic sculptures were crafted by Chandela artisans.  Today, the temples serve as fine examples of Indian architectural styles that have gained popularity due to their explicit depiction of sexual life during medieval times.

 For more Information and Packages Contact +91 9810506646

Callers from Outside India contact + 44 7700093414

Office contact   011-45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website : http://promarktravels.com

Blog : http://promarktravels.com/blog 

 

 

 

Leh , Ladakh by Road , Preparations and Precautions

Every year the motorbike and Jeep adventure lovers wait for the Manali – Leh highway to open, it opens around the end of May every year, there were heavy snow falls in the high passes this year , at may places the BRO ( Border Road Organisation ) had to clear the 60 ft . of snow from the highway .

Ladakh by road

Ladakh by Road

To reach Leh by road there are two options first one is  Srinagar – Leh which opens early May. From Srinagar one has to cross Zoji La pass ( 13000 ft/4000 mtrs.)  , Drass Valley ( 10990 ft/3230 mtrs.) one must visit and pay his / her respect to the martyrs at Kargil war Heroes memorial it is on the highway at the base of Tololing , one can have the best views of Rhino Knob , Tiger Hill .

Tiger Hill , Leh-Srinagar highway

Tiger Hill , Leh-Srinagar highway

Drass is the second highest coldest inhabited place on earth , Kargil , Mulbek , Namik – La ( 12198 ft/3827 mtrs.) Fotu – La pass (13478 ft./ 4104 mtr.)  and then to Leh , total distance is 450 kms.

Ladakh by Road

Ladakh by Road

The Second route Manali – Leh opens end May , passes through the two mountain ranges Pir Panjal and Zanskar with some of the highest  mountain passes in the world , there are many ice cold small streams originating from the Glaciers melts, where drivers skills are at test to negotiate through fast flowing streams ,   starts from Manali , Rohtang – La ( 13054 ft./ 3979 mtrs.) Tandi ( 8430 ft/2570 mtrs.) , Keylong , Jispa ( 11020 ft./3360 mtrs.), Darcha , Baralacha – La Pass ( 16500 ft./5030 mtrs.) , Sarchu ( 15100 ft./4600 mtrs.) , Gata Loops ( 22 hairpin bends) , Nakee – La Pass , Lachulung – La Pass ( 16616 ft./ 5065 mtrs.) , Pang , Tanglang – La Pass ( 17480 ft./5328 mtrs.) , Karu , Leh ( 11483 ft./3500 mtrs.) total distance to be covered  490 km full of not even thought of surprises and scenery .

Baralacha La

Since 1974 when restrictions were removed to visit Ladakh, every year thousands of people travel to experience this part of India which is also known as Little Tibet , there are vast barren lands golden yellow, black and grey mountains , green patches near  crystal clear  Lakes and rivers . All this is available from May to October / November only , rest of the year most of these roads and high passes are under the thick blanket of snow. Days are warm when there is sun light but there is cool breeze from the snow mountains around  keeps the temperature around 10 degrees centigrade , weather changes are fast and unexpected , there are no rains as the entire area from Rohtang onward is  Rain Shadow area , the Monsoon clouds hardly enters this area, it does not mean that there are no rains , occasional drizzles are there  , the night temperature is at many places even drops to sub-zero and there are strong winds . weather is dry and ultra-violet rays which may have a bad effect on the skin , during the day the bright sun and rays reflecting from the snow effects the eyes. Most of the travels do not experience the Acute Mountain Sickness and there is no set rule who will be effected but if precautions are taken care of one can minimize its effect .

Driving on this terrain is an ultimate challenge for a human body and the machine , selecting a vehicle , understanding of machine and body is very important  People 17-70 years of age with normal health can travel on this road , one must prepare well in advance before starting for this journey to enjoy the unspoiled beauty and well preserved rich history & Culture of Tibetan Buddhism of  Himachal and Ladakh Himalayas  .

Pangong Lake , Ladakh

Pangong Lake , Ladakh

Four wheel Jeep / SUV any vehicle with high ground clearance  or a Motor Bike (350 cc) are best suited for this trip , these custom made vehicles are available on rent per day basis or one can purchase from Delhi , there are clubs and few selected travel agents all over India who organizes  the logistics for this highly adventurous and beautiful journey in the months of June , July , August , September , October every year when the roads passing through the high passes are clear and with less snow.

High ground clearance SUVs at Pangong lake

To enjoy the beauty and adventure in this land one is to take few precautions and preparations , if one is taking his/her own vehicle then it should be of high ground clearance and preferably a 4 wheel drive , must have one extra tank for the fuel ,  extra Tyre , air pump , tool kit , Tyre puncture repair kit ,  strong ropes in case of emergency it can be towed , if driving a motor bike then extra pairs of clutch and brake wires , one must bear in mind that due to low oxygen the efficiency of machine reduces and one should not put extra burden on machine , the bags should be water proof or they must be warped with a water proof sheath .

Personal clothing should be comfortable , woolen shirts , trousers , gloves ,woolen cap , colored and plain eye protector glasses, comfortable ankle leather boots and woolen socks, wind proof jacket, raincoat are recommended . there are Glacial melt streams one is to avoid getting wet there , if got wet change the cloths and shoes with dry ones.

There are two levels of mountain  driving at this route .

 High Altitude 2500 mtrs./8000 ft. to 4000 mtrs./13000 ft. (one night stay is must at this altitude for acclimatization)

Very High Altitude 4000 mtr./13000 ft. to 5500 mtr./18000 ft.  (avoid sleeping first night at this altitude )

Normal first aid kit and one must understand the symptoms of  Acute Mountain Sickness ( AMS) to whom it can effect or not there is no thumb rule  but any where when one feels heavy head / head ache , giddiness , Fatigue , Nausea , Nose Bleed, Pins and Needles , Swelling of hand, face and feet , High pulse rate ( 110). The best way is to drink adequate  liquids, 3-4 liters a day – clean  boiled and filtered or treated , tea/coffee/soup/juice etc.  avoid smoking and taking alcohol , avoid greasy / oily food , take rich carbohydrates . 48 hrs. before the  journey take DIMOX tablets , The usual dosage is 125 mg twice a day for a few days,  must consult the doctor for the potency of medicine , people use camphor smelling , chew Mint  or Polo while travelling , the Ladakhi local remedy is to chew one clove of garlic as soon as one feels  the heaviness , usually occurs following a rapid ascent and can usually be prevented by ascending slowly, It commonly occurs above 2,400 mtrs. / 8,000  feet ,one should not ignore or take lightly these symptoms, at places there are army medical help  available and oxygen is provided to bring the person to normal state. In the first 24 hours at high altitude reduces the symptoms of AMS.  The air is dry cold and chilly , it takes away the moisture from the body ,  best way to protect is to cover  properly , use a high neck , full sleeves woolen  shirts , avoid T-shirts and have warm water to keep the body warm and maintain water and  balance . Never travel alone .

For more information and packages contact +91 9810506646   

Office contact : 011 45725562 , 45725563, 45725564

Callers fom outside India contact + 44 77 000 93414

Email : promark@promarktravels.com

Website : http://promarktravels.com

Blog : http://promarktravels.com/blog