Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib and as western’s call it the Golden Temple the supreme religious seat of Sikhs is in the holy city of Amritsar , Punjab state in North India .
Amritsar is also mentioned as Ramdas Pur in earlier historical records , it is also pronounced as Ambarsar ( Pool of Ambrosia ) . City was established by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Dass Ji by purchasing the land from the residents of the village Tung in 1574 AD The area around Amritsar has the legend of Ramayana associated with it , Rishi Balmiki’s ashram was here , the Devi Sita the Lord Rams wife lived in exile and gave birth twin sons Lavh and Kush. It is said when the twin brothers killed the entire army of Lord Ram , at that time a jug of Ambrosia descended from heaven to restore the soldiers to life.
It was in 1574 A.D. Guru Ram Das Ji made his home by the side of the pool, finding the air and water of his abode health-giving which was regarded as blessed with miraculous powers of healing and in 1577 AD.holy tank was excavated and named it Amritsar and the present city grew around it . The Fifth Guru Arjan Dev Ji conceived the idea of construction of the Gurudwara in the center of the pool, he himself designed and laid the foundation stone in late 1588 , it has four entrances symbolizing it open for all , it was completed in 1604 AD and Guru Granth Sahib was installed in it . After this event it attained the status of ‘Ath Sath Tirath’ and the Sikh community had their own Tirath, a pilgrimage center .
The present Harmandir Sahib was rebuilt in 1764 by the Jassa Singh Ahluwalia later the founder of Kapurthala State in Punjab , it is said he in a battle with Afghans in 1762 (Wadha Gulughara) who had destroyed Harmandir Sahib, received Sixty Four wounds .
The Gold plating and marble work was carried out in 19 centenary under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji and Sardar Hukam Singh Chimni who happened to be member and speaker of Parliament and then the Governor of Rajasthan state.
Architecture of Harimandir Sahib is a unique harmony between the Muslims and the Hindus way of construction work . It is often quoted that this architecture has created an independent Sikh school of architecture in the history of art in India.
Harmandir means the temple of God , Its sanctum came to house the Adi Granth , comprising compositions of Sikh Gurus and other saints considered to have Sikh values and philosphies
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