Vamana Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

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Vamana Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh was built during 1050 AD to 1075 AD by the Chandela Rulers . It is a UNESCO Heritage site

Vamana Temple of Love Khajuraho

Dedicated to the Vamana, the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu and also the first incarnation where the Vishnu came in a full human form ( the form of a dwarf Brahmin).  Legend says that the Vamana came to earth to give back the authority of the celestial world back to Lord Indra (King of Heaven), after the benevolent Asura ( Demon) King Bali, took over the control of all the three worlds, Swarg ( Heaven) , Bhulok (Earth) and ( Pataal lok) the underworld.

Vamana Avtar the Fifth Incarnation of Lord Vishnu

The exterior of the temple has double walls with intricate carvings of Apsaras in various sensual poses or other carvings depicting everyday life, like musicians, dancers, women preening in front of a mirror, etc. The main doorway is carved with four armed Vamans. The temple is a sandstone structure with mortise and tenon joints to hold the adjacent stones together.  the  temple has a central chamber-the sanctum ( Garbha Griha), an atrium, a Maha Mandapa, a central towering spire – Shikhara and a porch leading to the main temple entrance.

Images on the outer wall of Vamana Temple of Love Khajuraho

It is nirandhara (one without ambulatory) temple, consisting on plan of a sapta-ratha (seven-projectioned) sanctum, vestibule, maha-mandapa with lateral transepts and entrance-porch, contrast to the developed local temples, erotic scenes are absent here.

At first sight many of the Khajuraho temple sculptures would appear to be naked, there is no nude body in Indian art. Adornment, associated with auspiciousness, The bodies lining the exterior of the Vamana Temple,  are represented decorated  in jewelry and draped in semi transparent veils. Associated with fertility, abundance, prosperity, and good fortune, voluptuous female bodies and loving couples are perfectly acceptable subject matter for temples.

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Chaturbhuj Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

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Chaturbhuj Temple is situated in village Jatakari ,Khajuraho, built in 1100AD , the Chaturbhuj (Lord Vishnu ) means the one with four arms . It is peculiar temple in three distinct characters which differentiate it from other temples of Khajuraho .  It houses the tallest stone carved idol among all the Temples in Khajuraho , only temple in Khajuraho with no Erotic figures, it is also the only important temple in Khajuraho that faces west . 

Chaturbhuj Temple of Love Khajuraho

Standing over a platform with entrance from the West , it is normally  not seen in the Hindu temples but rest all the architecture needs are taken care of like the Mandapa , Garbhagriha and the Shikhara , there are images of Ganga can be identified with the presence of Crocodile and Yamuna can be identified with Turtle , there is a beautiful image of Lord Shiva in his Ardhnarishwar ( half man , half woman) carvings along with the heavenly life .

Main entrance , tallest statue among all the temples at Khajuraho

The main idol is suppose to be of Lord Vishnu but the close observation gives impression of three bodies in one , head with Jata ( hairs) of Lord Shiva , the four arms carrying Lotus, Conch , one arm showering the blessings and the other is giving the Abhay ( fearlessness ) , the standing pasture with one leg resting on toe is a Lord Krishna dancing style ( Incarnation of Lord Vishnu) , near the main idol there are images of Sura – Sundari .

Lord Chaturbhuj , Features of Lord Shiva and Lord Krishana

Beauty of this temple is seen  at sunset the sun comes streaming in and falls on the figure, lighting it in such a way that it appears to be full with life.

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Vishwanath Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

Vishwanath Temple at Khajuraho built by the Chandela King Dhanga Deva  in 999 AD to 1002 AD . It was a panchayatana  shrine however of the four subsidiary shrines only two in the northeast and southwest corners have survived. The structure shows all the elements of a developed temple. The beauty of the temple lies in the depiction of the exquisite figures of women on the rock blocks  walls. The temple depicts more than 600 rock-images

Vishwanath Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

Raised over a platform . This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, has an exquisite marble Shivalinga    (it originally housed an emerald lingam)  as the main deity.  It is  believed that the temple celebrates the celestial marriage of Lord Shiva with Parvati.

Vishwanath Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

An imposing  image of the three-headed Lord Brahma  also is enshrined in this temple. With lions adjoining the northern and elephants the southern steps , human figures are also depicted on both side of elephant  the exterior of temple walls are with Apsaras writing letters, playing music and a lovely one plucking a thorn from her foot, women are seen to caress a baby .

Lady early morning got up from bed

Couple in love

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On one of the walls there is a four-armed dancing Lord Ganesh, holding an Axe and broken tusk , in his right hands, and with his left hands holding a laddu (sweet) and extended in a boon-granting gesture. The sculpture of Lord Shiva ( with Trishula on right shoulder  and snake on left shoulder ) can also be seen on outer  wall .

Lord Shiva with Parvati and Lord Brhama with three heads

 

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Khajuraho Temples of Love Madhya Pradesh

Khajuraho a small town in Madhya Pradesh State once use to be the cultural capital of Chandela Rajputs of Central India from the 10 to 12 centenary , the world famous temples also the UNESCO World Heritage Site, were built during 950 AD to 1150 AD by the Chandela artisans .

There is a airport in Khajuraho one can reach here by Air from Delhi and Varanasi , There is a overnight train from Delhi , One can also reach here by taking trains  from Delhi , Agra, Bhopal , Mumbai, Nagpur, Bangalore , Hyderabad , Trivandrum to Jhansi and then a three hours road journey to Khajuraho on way one can visit the Orcha famous for Ram Raja Temple and wall and roof paintings at Orcha Fort .

Originally 85 such temples were built spread over in a 20 sq. km area but now only 25 temples are in good shape , after the decline of Chandelas the local villagers maintained the temples , with time the dense forest cover and weather took the toll and outside world even forgot these temples , in 19 Centenary these temples came in the notice of British Officers but it came on a world tourist map with the efforts of Mr. Shyam Sunder Poddar who visited this place  and his  fore sight saw the importance of this place , he built a hotel which started receiving guests  in 1969 and then Indian Airlines started the first flight from 15 Feb 1969 , his son Mr. Kanti Poddar trained the local people how to deal with the Foreigners , today Khajuraho is a the most visited site after the Taj Mahal in India .

Lakshmana Temple , Khajuraho

People wonder how and what was the purpose these temples were built , the legend is , the Hem Raj the Raj Purohit ( Royal Priest) of  King of Benaras had a beautiful daughter name Hemvati , once she was bathing in the river at a full moon night when The Moon fell in love with her and came down Hemvati got embraced by Moon and got pregnant , she asked the Moon that how she will face the world as she was  not married , The Moon told her that she will have a brave son and she should leave this place and move to Khajuravatika  the Garden of Dates , son who was named Chandravarma

State Emblem of Chandela Rajputs , Khajuraho

The boy was talented , brave and sharp , at  the age of 16 he killed his first Tiger. He was made the king  and his progeny, called Chandel’s . They are regarded to be Chandravanshi  i.e., the descendants of Soma (Sanskrit literal meaning: moon).

Kandharia Mahadev Temple Khajuraho

After some time  Mohoba and then Kalinjar became the Political capital and Khajuraho remained as cultural capital .

Vastu , Geometry, Archetecure and Art at one place Temples of Khajuraho

The Khajuraho temples were built over a span of 200 years, from 950AD to 1150AD .  Khajuraho has no forts because the Chandel Kings never lived in their cultural capital.

One of the Erotic art plate on Temple Outer Wall , Khajuraho

The erotic sculptures were crafted by Chandela artisans.  Today, the temples serve as fine examples of Indian architectural styles that have gained popularity due to their explicit depiction of sexual life during medieval times.

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Chitragupta Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

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Chitragupta Temple  dedicated to Sun God was built during the 1023 AD by the Chandela Rulers , built near the  three storied Step well Chopra tank which is also a part of this spectacular temple , is the only Sun temple at Khajuraho .

Chitragupt Temple of Love Khajuraho

Chitragupta temple  faces East, and its cell contains a 5-foot-tall image of Surya wearing an Armored Coat and long Boots complete with the chariot and seven horses that carry him across the sky. Surya also appears above the doorway.

Ladies in different poses

The entrance of the temple portrays three  smaller idols of Sun God ,walls decorated with Apsaras in dancing poses, couples in sensuous moments and a impressive images of Lord Vishnu with 11 heads , his own face is in the center and the other heads represent his 10 main incarnations.

love Making Couples

This state which is “like a man and woman in close embrace” is a symbol of moksa, final release or reunion of two principles

Most Famous Love Making Couple of Khajuraho

The vast majority of arts depict various aspects the everyday life, mythical stories as well as symbolic display of various secular and spiritual values important in Sanantan way of Life traditional way  . depictions show women putting on makeup, musicians making music, potters, farmers, and other folks in their daily life during that period  .

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Lakshmana Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh

Lakshmana Temple of Love Khajuraho Madhya Pradesh dedicated to Lord Vaikuntha Vishnu,it is a Vaishnava  temple, built by the Chandela King Yashovarman . Inscriptions on a slab excavated here installed in the passage  confirms its construction during 900 AD to 950 AD. It is the first temple in the Eastern Group of Temples The UNESCO World Heritage Site

Laxmana Temple Khajuraho

The Temple is raised in the center of a high rectangular  platform Jagati  with four small temples one on each corner hence called a Panchyatana Plan construction , the temple structure is built consisting of all the elements of a Hindu Temple Architecture , The Lakshman Temple stands like a giant mountain of stone at the center. The East facing temple , the porch has a pretty Toran or stone garland above the entrance leading to  the Mandapa  and then to the assembly area the Maha Mandapa , the main deity is installed in the Garbhagriha , the small area between the Mahamandapa and the Garbhagriha is the Antrayalya  , the devotees seek blessings standing in the Antrayalaya  . Its Shikhara ( the top) is clustered with small Urushringha . The main image Idol of Vaikantha Vishnu in the Garbahgriha  is with four arms and having three  faces , front is of a human , one side is Boar the third incarnation ( the Varaha) and the other side is of a Lion the forth incarnation of the Lord Vishnu ( the Narsinmha ).

Dancing Lord Ganesha , Row of Elephants holding the entire weight of temple on their shoulders , Lakshmana temple Khajuraho

There is an abundance of sculptured masterpieces on its outer walls on the south side  the exterior temple wall is divided into several bands ,  the lowest  is the base of the temple , a row of elephants that peep out of the base as if they are carrying the weight of the stone on their stable shoulders, between the elephants are warriors protecting the temple ,  panel depicts a bearded Fire God( Agni Dev) beneath is the figure of the divine bridegroom walking in procession accompanied by musicians.  It is only here out of all the temples in Khajuraho the Camels are carved. 

Two Camels at Laxmana Temple Khajuraho

On the north side one of the elephant naughtily gazes at a couple making love .

Elephant forgets to crush the person , laughing at couple in love act Lakshmana Temple Khajuraho

 Above the elephants  there are  carved  flowers and leaf motifs, a narrow panel depicting court life and erotic scenes ,  tall base of the temple is decorated with   ornamental niches, with an adorable figure of dancing Lord Ganesh in the first followed by images of the seven principal male deities of the Hindu Gods . There are images of the Dikhpalas placed at and facing the directions that they Protect . Beside the deities are the gorgeous  figures of women, each engaged in some worldly activity before she realizes the presence of the divine surrounding her .

Love making Couple with helpers playing music

 portrayals of women attired in traditional costume, flimsy fine textiles wound around the waist while the torso and arms and neck are adorned only in jewelry. There are ladies applying make-up, taking off their clothes, gazing into a mirror , a seductive woman scrubbing her arched back  an elegant young woman who has lifted up her foot  is being inspected by an attendant carrying a satchel.

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Abhaneri Step-Well: Architectural Wonder of 8th century

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Abhaneri – A Small Village near Jaipur, Rajasthan

Abhaneri is a small village in Rajasthan near Jaipur, while driving on National Highway 11A towards Agra, after crossing Dausa at Sikandara take a left turn on a State Highway 25 to Bandikui, then turn right at Gular Chauraha  for Abhaneri, total distance from Jaipur is 96 Kms, upon entering into the Abhaneri, first visible structure is a ruins of a Hindu temple of Goddess Harshat Mata built in 7-8th century AD, considered to be Goddess of Joy and Happiness, it is built on a double platform, on the walls are the statues & sculptures of Gods and Goddesses which depict images from daily life, built by King Chand, ruins of the temple still boasts the architectural and sculptural richness of medieval India, this city was known as “Abha Nagari“.
The Harshad Mata Temple built around 7-8 century AD
The Harshat Mata Temple built around 7-8 century AD
The walls of the temple carved with images and sculptures of Gods and Goddesses depicting images from daily life
The walls of the temple carved with images and sculptures of Gods and Goddesses depicting images from daily life

Chand Baori, A Step-Well

Just next to the temple is a enclosed rectangular courtyard type of structure, upon entering one reaches a Jharokha and coming down stairs on left one can see, the Baori (Step-Well)  on right, something which is unique to India, it is a water reservoir which not only has water also respite from heat in dry summers it is about 64 ft deep narrowing towards the bottom criss-crossing steps provided with double flight of steps on three sides reach the the water surface, it is one of the deepest and the largest step-well in India, the geometrical pattern of stairs gives the different magical images of the stairs, the light and shadow makes one spell bound, the stairs are on the three sides while on the one  side are the three storied pavilion with beautiful carved jharokhas, the galleries supported on Pillars and two projecting balconies enshrining beautiful sculptures. This surrounding area is semi desert, shrubs and small trees mainly the Kikar and Ber (Ber Berry), Amla (Goose berry) are found, there are only two seasonal rivers Banganga and Morle, agriculture is totally dependent on rains and ground water. Chand Raja was from the Gujara Pratihara clan claiming to be the descendant of Lord Ram’s younger brother Laxman, they were at their peak during 6-10th century AD, almost North of India, founder of this dynasty was Raja Hari Chandra and once dominated the Rajasthan, their capital city was Mandore near Jodhpur, during this period open pavilion temples were built the best examples are the temples are at Khajuraho in Madhya Paradesh and Osian in Rajasthan.
The beautiful arched hallway in front of the step-well adds to the beauty of Abhaneri Step-Well
The beautiful arched hallway in front of the step-well adds to the beauty of Abhaneri Step-Well
The front view of the Abhaneri Step-Well, A Marvelous piece of Architecture
[quote]The front view of the Abhaneri Step-Well, A Marvelous piece of Architecture[/quote] Full view of the stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well, which gives a sense of magical touch
Full view of the stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well, which gives a sense of magical touch
A closer look on the double flight stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well
A closer look on the double flight stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well
The magical look of the stairs in the Step-Well, Only good architecture can explain that!
The magical look of the stairs in the Step-Well

 

Anil Kumar Rajput – Managing Director at Promark Travel, is in the travel trade since 1980, Hes has worked in India and abroad. A boxer, a Rifle Shooter and a Para Jumper in his college days, as a Boy Scout and NCC cadet, attended camps at many places which developed his interest in traveling and to explore new places, trekking and photography, loves driving to adventurous places , owns a business (promarktravels.com) which caters all the travel needs of it’s clients. Connect with him on Facebook (htttp://www.facebook.com/anil.k.rajput) and Twitter (@PromarkTravels)
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Nandi Temple Khajuraho Temples of Love Madhya Pradesh

Nandi Temple is dedicated to Nandi Bull the vahan ( mount) of Lord Shiva , situated opposite the Lord Vishwanath Temple of Love in Khajuraho, as a common architect plan any temple of Lord Shiva is having Nandi as protecting the gates sitting facing the temple, this temple was constructed in 11th century along with the Vishwanath Temple of Love ,  by the Chandela King, Dhanga Deva .

Nandi Temple opposite Vishwanath Temple of Love

The temple stands upon a rectangular platform the main structure is combinations of cross and rectangles with a small hall with three side balconies .

Nandi the Bull , opposite the Vishwanath temple of Love

The main Monolithic  idol of  richly harnessed the Nandi is 2.2 mtrs. long and 1.8 mtrs. tall the roof is resting on plain sand stone pillars ,The beautifully carved exteriors of the temple are decorated with images of Apsaras , Elephants and soldiers are  the charm and beauty of this temple.

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