Ramabhar Stupa,Kushinagar Lord Buddha’s Cremation site

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Ramabhar Stupa Kushinagar Lord Buddha’s Cremation site .

It is said that Lord Buddha died at the age of Eighty One years, on a full moon night . It is believed that  Lord  Buddha’s complexion became prodigiously brilliant both on eve of his Enlightenment and Nirvana. After the Mid night,Lord Buddha called up his disciples thrice, and asked if there were any confusions remaining with regard to the Buddhist doctrine. Receiving silence as reply, Buddha gave the famous advice “impermanence is inherent in all things. Work out your own salvation with diligence”. After this last sermon Lord Buddha entered Mahaparinirvana through meditation, the monks spent the rest of the night discussing the Dhamma. Over the next few days, the Mallas made elaborate preparations for the cremation of the Buddha’s body, and then on the seventh day the body was taken out of the town to the Makuta Bandhana Shrine and cremated.

Ramabhar Stupa , the Cremation site of Lord Buddha, Kushinagar

Ramabhar Stupa , the Cremation site of Lord Buddha, Kushinagar

It is said that the pyre was not burnt until Mahakashyapa, the great disciple of Lord Buddha, arrived and when he stepped into the cremation ground, the pyre burnt automatically. Surprisingly, only the skull bone, teeth and the inner and outer burial garment remained after the cremation,  the holy relics had to be divided into eight folds and eight great Stupas were built to house them. These relics were yet again subdivided, when Emperor Ashoka decided to build 84,000 Stupas,  the relics are contained in many Stupas.

Buddhist Monk at Ramabhar Stupa , Kushinagar

Buddhist MonkatRamabhar Stupa ,Kushinagar

Hirannavati River , near Ramabhar Stupa
Bank of Hirannavati River  near Ramabhar Stupa

Ramabhar Stupa, measuring a height of 49 feet, is the place where the Lord Buddha was cremated. This Stupa is mentioned as Mukut-Bandhan Vihar in ancient Buddhist transcripts.

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Kushinagar, Maha Parinirvana of Lord Buddha

The Kushinagar was founded by the Kusha the son of Lord Ram of epic Ramayana the king of Ayodhya , it was then known as Kushavati. It is located on the banks of river Hiranayavati , this place was also a capital of Malla Kings during the Lord Buddha’s time. This place can be reached from Varanasi or Gorakhpur by road

Lord Buddha prior to his death spent his days many times as most of the Malla’s Kings were his admirers.

Lord Buddha decided to spent his last days at Kushinagar because of many reasons (a) It was the proper venue for preaching of the Mahá-Sudassana Sutta  (b) Subahadra  a 120 year-old Brahmin who, after getting attracted to Buddha’s speech, expressed his desire to join the Sangha, and is believed to be the last monk to be ordained by the Buddha and became  an Arahant  (c) Brahaman Dona lived here who was respected a lot, sorted the dispute of distribution of relics after Lords cremation .

Mahaparinivana temple and Stupa

Mahaparinivana temple and Stupa

According to a late tradition, one-eighth of the Buddha’s relics were deposited in a cairn in Kushinara  by the Mallas Travelling in stages via Pava where he ate his last meal, offered by the blacksmith Cunda, he reached the final resting-place at the Saala grove by the bank of river Hiranyawati  in Kushinagar, it was  the full moon day   (Vaisakh Purnima) in 543 BC. He told Ananda   to prepare a bed for him with its head turned towards the north between two Saal trees The Buddha was lying on his right side  with his head to the north when he breathed his last, his body was taken into the town by the northern gate and out through the eastern gate , After the cremation, the relics were divided into eight equal portions by the Brahmin Dona, who distributed them to eight clans. (1) King Ajatasattu of Magadha (2) The Licchavis of Veshali (3) The Sakyans of Kapilavatthu (4) The Bulians of Allakappa (5)  The Koliyans of Ramagama (6) The Mallas of Pava (7) The Brahman of Vethadipa (8) The Mallas of Kushinagar , the Urn was kept by the Dona himself ,by the time  the Mayurans of Pipphalavana  arrived the distribution was done so they took the ashes , these people on their way to respective place raised eight Stupas for the relics, a ninth for the Urn, and a tenth for the ashes.

Lord Buddha's Ashes were distributed under this tree

Lord Buddha’s Ashes were distributed under this tree

The place of lord Buddha’s death,  became one of the four holy places declared by the Buddha to be  places of pilgrimage for the pious.

The significance of this region is also due to being Link – route  of ancient highways, among them were important highways Ayodhya – Janakpur (Bihar), Rajgrih – Vaishali – Shrawasti, Maharshi Valmiki’s Ashram, Ashoka, the great Mauryas, Pillars routes, passing through this district.

The remains of the Parinirvana Stupa and Parinirvana Temple, when rediscovered, were covered in a 40 foot high mound of bricks surrounded by a dense thorny forest ,  around 1861–1862 it was suggested the site to be that of Gautama Buddha’s decease. Although no decisive evidence was found to prove  supposition that the site known at  Matha  Kuar Ka Kot  was Kushinara , a series of monastic seals with the Sanskrit legend Mahaparinivane caturdiso Bhiksumghah were taken to show that by the late Gupta period the site was understood to be that of the Buddha’s last breathed  .

Lord Buddha breathed his last at this place

Lord Buddha breathed his last at this place

Kushinagar was a capital city of the Malla kingdom of ancient India . Many of the ruined stupas and viharas at Kushinagar date back to 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD when  prosperity was at its peak.

This region was an ideal ‘Meditation Place’ for sages, saints hermits and Mahatamas who were attracted by its pious. tranquil and charming natural surroundings.  Archeological excavation has yielded rich collection of antiquities. Artistic artifacts and statues of various gods and goddesses.

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Kushinagar, Kushinara, Buddhist Temples city

Kushinagar , Kushinara as the Buddhists call it  or Kushawati as it was known in the ancient time , this city has mentions in the epic Ramayana as city established by one of  Lord Ram’s twin sons the Kusha , it  was also the seat of power of Malla’s kings .

Situated on the banks of river Hiranyavati the lord Gautam Buddha breathed his last ( the Parinirwana) and also deliver his last sermon.

Most of the ruined Stupas,Viharas were of a period 5th BC when its prosperity  use to be at peak .

 

Entrance Gate Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

Entrance Gate Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

The present Stupas and Vihars are constructed after the 1904-05 AD excavations carried out by British officers of Archaeological Survey of India and unearth rich wealth of Buddhist materials .

Maahaprinirvana Temple Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

Mahaprinirvana Temple Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

The Mahaparinirwana is the place where Lord Buddha breathed his last , lying between the two Saal trees , head towards North .

Thai Buddhist Temple at Kushinagar

Thai Buddhist Temple at Kushinagar

 

Myanmar Buddhist Temple Kushnagar

Myanmar Buddhist Temple Kushnagar

 

Beautiful gate at Myanmar Pagoda, Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

Beautiful gate at Myanmar Pagoda, Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

 

Lin Son Myanmar Buddhist Temple, Kushinagar, India

Lin Son Myanmar Buddhist Temple, Kushinagar, India

 

 

Chinese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar India

Chinese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar India

 

Japanese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar, India

Japanese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar, India

 

Korean Buddhist Temple Kushinagar, Kushinara, India

Korean Buddhist Temple Kushinagar, Kushinara, India

 

Bell at Mahaprinivana Temple complex

Bell at Mahaprinivana Temple complex

 

Gold foils pasted by pilgrims at Ramabhar Stupa

Gold foils pasted by pilgrims at Ramabhar Stupa the cremation site of Lord Buddha

Lord Buddha was cremated on the banks of river  Hiranyavati

For more information  contact  +91-9810506646 

Callers from outside India +44  7700093414

Office contact (+05.30 GMT) 011  45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email  promark@promarktravels.com

Website : promarktravels.com

Blog : promarktravels.com/blog