Matha Kuar Shrine, Kushinagar

Matha Kuar Shrine – by the side of the road is  a colossal statue of Buddha locally called Matha Kuar.  The statue measures 3.05 meter in height and this carved out one block of blue stone of Gaya region to represent Gautam  Buddha seated under the Bodhi Tree in a pose known as the Bhumsparsva Mudra   which symbolically expresses the supreme moment in the  Gautam’s  life just before his enlightenment to  become the Buddha , when He called upon the earth to bear witness to the pities performed by him in his previous birth.

Blue Stone Lord Buddha statue Bhumi Sparsh Mudra

Blue Stone Lord Buddha statue Bhumi Sparsh Mudra

During Buddha’s lifetime, Kushinara ( Kushinagar), as it was then called, was a small town in the kingdom of the Mallas, surrounded by a thick forest cover. It remained forgotten until the late nineteenth century, when archaeologists rediscovered the site, and began excavations.

The inscription at the base of statue is dates back to the 10th or 11th Century A.D. The name of the Stupa implies the “dead prince”. The statue was found by the Archaeologist Carlleyle in late 1870s, as broken pieces, after the statue  being restored the temple was built by Myanmar pilgrims in 1927 to shelter the statue.

 

Information on stone plate

Information on Stone Plate

This place is  is also believed to be the one where Lord Buddha delivered his last sermon.

 

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Kushinagar, Maha Parinirvana of Lord Buddha

The Kushinagar was founded by the Kusha the son of Lord Ram of epic Ramayana the king of Ayodhya , it was then known as Kushavati. It is located on the banks of river Hiranayavati , this place was also a capital of Malla Kings during the Lord Buddha’s time. This place can be reached from Varanasi or Gorakhpur by road

Lord Buddha prior to his death spent his days many times as most of the Malla’s Kings were his admirers.

Lord Buddha decided to spent his last days at Kushinagar because of many reasons (a) It was the proper venue for preaching of the Mahá-Sudassana Sutta  (b) Subahadra  a 120 year-old Brahmin who, after getting attracted to Buddha’s speech, expressed his desire to join the Sangha, and is believed to be the last monk to be ordained by the Buddha and became  an Arahant  (c) Brahaman Dona lived here who was respected a lot, sorted the dispute of distribution of relics after Lords cremation .

Mahaparinivana temple and Stupa

Mahaparinivana temple and Stupa

According to a late tradition, one-eighth of the Buddha’s relics were deposited in a cairn in Kushinara  by the Mallas Travelling in stages via Pava where he ate his last meal, offered by the blacksmith Cunda, he reached the final resting-place at the Saala grove by the bank of river Hiranyawati  in Kushinagar, it was  the full moon day   (Vaisakh Purnima) in 543 BC. He told Ananda   to prepare a bed for him with its head turned towards the north between two Saal trees The Buddha was lying on his right side  with his head to the north when he breathed his last, his body was taken into the town by the northern gate and out through the eastern gate , After the cremation, the relics were divided into eight equal portions by the Brahmin Dona, who distributed them to eight clans. (1) King Ajatasattu of Magadha (2) The Licchavis of Veshali (3) The Sakyans of Kapilavatthu (4) The Bulians of Allakappa (5)  The Koliyans of Ramagama (6) The Mallas of Pava (7) The Brahman of Vethadipa (8) The Mallas of Kushinagar , the Urn was kept by the Dona himself ,by the time  the Mayurans of Pipphalavana  arrived the distribution was done so they took the ashes , these people on their way to respective place raised eight Stupas for the relics, a ninth for the Urn, and a tenth for the ashes.

Lord Buddha's Ashes were distributed under this tree

Lord Buddha’s Ashes were distributed under this tree

The place of lord Buddha’s death,  became one of the four holy places declared by the Buddha to be  places of pilgrimage for the pious.

The significance of this region is also due to being Link – route  of ancient highways, among them were important highways Ayodhya – Janakpur (Bihar), Rajgrih – Vaishali – Shrawasti, Maharshi Valmiki’s Ashram, Ashoka, the great Mauryas, Pillars routes, passing through this district.

The remains of the Parinirvana Stupa and Parinirvana Temple, when rediscovered, were covered in a 40 foot high mound of bricks surrounded by a dense thorny forest ,  around 1861–1862 it was suggested the site to be that of Gautama Buddha’s decease. Although no decisive evidence was found to prove  supposition that the site known at  Matha  Kuar Ka Kot  was Kushinara , a series of monastic seals with the Sanskrit legend Mahaparinivane caturdiso Bhiksumghah were taken to show that by the late Gupta period the site was understood to be that of the Buddha’s last breathed  .

Lord Buddha breathed his last at this place

Lord Buddha breathed his last at this place

Kushinagar was a capital city of the Malla kingdom of ancient India . Many of the ruined stupas and viharas at Kushinagar date back to 3rd century BC to the 5th century AD when  prosperity was at its peak.

This region was an ideal ‘Meditation Place’ for sages, saints hermits and Mahatamas who were attracted by its pious. tranquil and charming natural surroundings.  Archeological excavation has yielded rich collection of antiquities. Artistic artifacts and statues of various gods and goddesses.

For more information contact  within India + 91- 9810506646

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Kushinagar, Kushinara, Buddhist Temples city

Kushinagar , Kushinara as the Buddhists call it  or Kushawati as it was known in the ancient time , this city has mentions in the epic Ramayana as city established by one of  Lord Ram’s twin sons the Kusha , it  was also the seat of power of Malla’s kings .

Situated on the banks of river Hiranyavati the lord Gautam Buddha breathed his last ( the Parinirwana) and also deliver his last sermon.

Most of the ruined Stupas,Viharas were of a period 5th BC when its prosperity  use to be at peak .

 

Entrance Gate Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

Entrance Gate Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

The present Stupas and Vihars are constructed after the 1904-05 AD excavations carried out by British officers of Archaeological Survey of India and unearth rich wealth of Buddhist materials .

Maahaprinirvana Temple Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

Mahaprinirvana Temple Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

The Mahaparinirwana is the place where Lord Buddha breathed his last , lying between the two Saal trees , head towards North .

Thai Buddhist Temple at Kushinagar

Thai Buddhist Temple at Kushinagar

 

Myanmar Buddhist Temple Kushnagar

Myanmar Buddhist Temple Kushnagar

 

Beautiful gate at Myanmar Pagoda, Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

Beautiful gate at Myanmar Pagoda, Kushinagar , Kushinara , India

 

Lin Son Myanmar Buddhist Temple, Kushinagar, India

Lin Son Myanmar Buddhist Temple, Kushinagar, India

 

 

Chinese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar India

Chinese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar India

 

Japanese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar, India

Japanese Buddhist Temple , Kushinagar, India

 

Korean Buddhist Temple Kushinagar, Kushinara, India

Korean Buddhist Temple Kushinagar, Kushinara, India

 

Bell at Mahaprinivana Temple complex

Bell at Mahaprinivana Temple complex

 

Gold foils pasted by pilgrims at Ramabhar Stupa

Gold foils pasted by pilgrims at Ramabhar Stupa the cremation site of Lord Buddha

Lord Buddha was cremated on the banks of river  Hiranyavati

For more information  contact  +91-9810506646 

Callers from outside India +44  7700093414

Office contact (+05.30 GMT) 011  45725562 , 45725563 , 45725564

Email  promark@promarktravels.com

Website : promarktravels.com

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