Man Mandir , Fort Gwalior

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Gwalior Fort built in 8 th Centenary over a sand stone steep rock hill , the earlier records mention 525 AD King Mihirkul and Teli Ka Mandir of 875 AD structures in this area but fort came in existence during the Pal Dynasty of Kachwaha Rajput his 86 generations ruled over 989 years. Pratihar Dynasty ruled for Seven generations, then in 1196 AD there was Turk ruler Qutub ud Din Aibek and Iltumish had a control at this fort , it was taken under control from them by  Narasingh Rao  .

Man Mandir, Gwalior Fort

Tomar Rajputs took over in 1398 AD and held it till 1576 AD , in between Ibrahim Lodhi , Babur , Humayun , Sher Shah Suri and Adil Shah Suri for some time had control . It was Hemu ( Hem Chandra Vikrmaditya ) attacked Adil Shah Suri from here .

Mughal rulers made it a prison for the political prisoners and carried  assassination of many Mughal  family members .

Jats from Gohad ruled  here from 1740 to 1783 , Maratha leader Maha Ji Shinde in 1844 AD finally got it from the British East India Company .

Blue Paint , Man Mandir , Gwalior Fort

The main decoration and additions were done during the Raja Man Singh Tomar’s period 1486 AD-1516 AD , Man Mandir and Gujri Mahal were added , the Jahangir Mahal and the Shah Jahan Mahal were also added to commemorate the visit of Mogul Kings,  wonderful architecture,and beautiful art work done on its front as well as some interior walls. Surrounded by concrete walls of sandstone, the Gwalior Fort encloses three temples, 6 palaces and several water tanks. The Fort also contains many other marvels of medieval architecture. The Gujari Mahal is one such structure whose outer covering has survived the many battles the Fort has encountered. The main attraction is the Blue Tiles used and rows of yellow ducks, Banana Trees , Tiger and Elephants at outer walls and many other places , which is is actually a paint on the wall with different layers . 

Plate representing Aura of Sun , Man Mandir Gwalior fort

Gujari Mahal was built by Raja Man Singh for his wife Mrignayani who was a Gurjar Girl from a nearby village , she demanded a independent Palace and water for daily use  from Rai River near her village as a marriage condition .

Royal Private Chambers, Man Mandir , Gwalior Fort

The Jauhar Kund, which marks the spot where the women of the harem burnt themselves to death after the defeat of the King of Gwalior in 1232.

Royal Chambers decorated Ceiling, Man Mandir , Gwalior Fort

 

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Gwalior , Madhya Pradesh

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Gwalior is situated 320 km from Delhi,  in Madhya Pradesh state , one can reach by road , there are regular daily trains from Delhi it is about four hour journey by fast trains ,  also there is a domestic airport which is connected with Mumbai and Delhi flights.

Gwalior a historical city of central India founded by a Kachwaha Rajput  Suraj Sen of Silhonia Village  in 8th centenary , the legend is the Suraj Sen who was suffering from Leprosy lost his way on a hunting expedition in this area , suffering from thirst and hunger  he was then helped by a Sage Gwalipa who not only led him to  a water pond but also got him cured of Leprosy . To pay him a respect and in gratitude a city was founded by his name , initially wall was made to protect the area where sage Gwalipa lived , then Suraj Sen built a palace within the walled area upon the hill , slowly people started living around it .

Water Pond where King Suraj Sen Leprosy was cured

 

Temple dedicated to Sage Gwalipa

After its establishment many different rulers came , ruled around and over it and became a prominent place for religion and cultural development . 6 BC it was under the control from Patliputra under Naad Kingdom , in first centenary Naag  Dynesty Kushans came and ruled till 3rd AD , it was with Guptas till 467 AD  and then Pratihar Dynesty ruled and made it capital of Kannauj till 740 AD . Kachwahas were the rulers when Mohmmad Gauri invaded and plundered the area around it  but could not succeed to capture the fort in  1195-96 AD ,  It was Shams Ud- Din Iltumish in 1231 AD after one year siege , succeeded and this fort came under the Muslim rulers .

Man Mandir Palace , Fort Gwalior

Tomar Raja Veer Singh became the ruler in 1375 AD and during the Raja Man Singh the present Palace Man Mandir was constructed . It came in the hands of Scindia in 1730 AD and became a Princely state during the British period .

Shalbhanjika

Places to be worth visiting are  Gwalior Fort , Fort Museum , Sahatrabahu temple, Teli Ka ( Telang)  Mandir , Gurudwara Data Bandi Chor , Gujri Mahal and Museum, one must ask the curator to show the Shalbhanjika  10th Centenary a beautiful carved lady in a stone feminine features with smiling face , it is kept in a strong room because of its archaeological importance .

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