Churu Havelis Fresco Paintings

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Churu Havelis Frescos Paintings

Churu is a small sleepy town in Rajasthan on the edge of Desert , also known as the gateway to Thar Desert. This place was founded by The Jat Chieftain – Churru in 1620 and the it was later taken over by The Rathores of Bikaner in 1871.

One of the abandond haveli at Churu

One of the abandond haveli at Churu

 

Main entrance of a Haveli

Main entrance of a Haveli

This town was on the caravan trading route during the 18th century when the Marwari merchants had established themselves in Central Asia , Iran, Afghanistan , Nepal, Tibet, Burma and Thailand dealing in Horses, Silk , Ivory, Opium, wool and spices they had established themselves by migrating with the Rajput and Mughal armies , setting up the banking system , became money launderers , even the royal families gave them the rights of collecting revenue in exchange towards the loan for the state . These Marwaris with simple food habits made their homes showcasing their wealth.

Fresco painting outer wall of a haveli in Churu

Fresco painting outer wall of a haveli in Churu

 

Inner walls Fresco paintings , courtyard Haveli in Churu

Inner walls Fresco paintings , courtyard Haveli in Churu

Havelis are compact with a courtyard , tall buildings with 1.6 ft. thick stone walls with small openings of shaded projections covered with perforated stones screen , rooms with roof minimum 15 feet height  plastered with limes mortar , paintings were not possible on the local available rough surface stones, smooth white surface was created , paintings were done in variety of colours obtained from natural stone or vegetables, many places extensive work in gold and mirror added to the beauty , in Churu havilies were built from 1840s until 1950s .

Fresco paintings inner walls of haveli in Churu

Fresco paintings inner walls of haveli in Churu

Apart from these havelis (mansions), baithaks (reception space for guests), dharamshalas (caravan sarai), nohras (service area), dukans (shop), mandirs (temple), samadhis (memorial structure), chhatris (cenotaphs), bageechis (pleasure garden) and gaushalas(cattle shelter) were also made .

Fresco flower designs inner wall of a haveli in Churu

Fresco flower designs inner wall of a haveli in Churu

The presence of frescoes painted on the external and internal walls of most buildings. The region boasts of a unique collection of painted buildings.  a rare profusion of finely executed mural paintings across hundreds of beautiful havelis (mansions), temples, cenotaphs, dharamshalas (inns), shops, sarais, wells and tanks.

Shekhawati and Italian style pillars , guest area in a haveli at Churu

Shekhawati and Italian style pillars , guest area in a haveli at Churu

These paintings depict the lavish style of living, fashion style, jewellery,  activities of daily life, folklore tales, rulers, war heros , Hindu God and Godesses , events , train , cars, animals, British rulers and even film actors .

Pillars , Shekhawati and Italian style , haveli at Churu

Pillars , Shekhawati and Italian style , haveli at Churu

After the establishment of the British in India, Marwari merchants started migrating to Calcutta and other places in central India flourshing even more and spent and decorated more on the palatial houses for their families in Churu , with the time they have scattered and settled elsewhere ,

Bedroom wall and cealing paintings, haveli in Churu

Bedroom wall and cealing paintings, haveli in Churu

 

Cealing and wall of a bedroom , haveli in Churu

Cealing and wall of a bedroom , haveli in Churu

many of these havelis are in dilapidated state in the absence of proper care but still one can see their glorious past .

Fresco Paintings Cenotaph of a Marwari merchant at Churu

Fresco Paintings Cenotaph of a Marwari merchant at Churu

memorial of a Marwari trader

memorial of a Marwari trader

These painted buildings are unique to the region and worthy of not just national but international recognition.

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Sahastra Baahu Temple|Nagda|Udaipur|Rajasthan

Sahastra Baahu Temple Nagda about 22 km from Udaipur is also known as  Saas Bahu Ka Mandir, a twin Vaishnav Mandir, here are group of temples of early 7th century, dedicated to lord Vishnu, there use to be a town in the East of this temple, in 15th Century the Gohila King Mokala constructed a lake ( Baghela Talav) after his brother’s name Bagh Singh and town was relocated . This temple is no more in use , it is in partial ruins, tourists  main attraction is of it’s architecture and rare artistic beauty of carvings of more than thousand years ago.

Makar Torna Gate, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Makar Torna Gate, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

The Twin temple are on a raised platform , The entrance use to be from east through a Makar Torna ( arched gate), there are ten small temples around the large temple The Vishnu Temple, built by Yasomati, wife of the commander in chief of the Mewar rulers ( Saas or Mother-in-Law) and five small temples around the small ( Bahu or Daughter-in-Law) temple.

The twin temples view from West Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

The twin temples view from West Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

The Saas temple is large and Bahu temple is small , The Bahu temple has the Octagon ceiling, there are eight female figures, the Saas temple has the Torna , the walls are not much decorated but pillars , roof and projections are full of carvings.

Kirtimukha at the entrance, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Kirtimukha at the entrance, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Temples are constructed on “Pancharatha” plan , The Garbhagriha, Antryalaya, Ardhmandapm, Mandapam and Varandha ( Sanctum, Vestibule, Hall and Porch ). Kirtimukha is at the main entrance of temple.

Sahastrabahu Temple, Saasbahu Mandir, Nagda, Udaipur

Sahastrabahu Temple, Saasbahu Mandir, Nagda, Udaipur

The outer walls are decorated with carvings of people in their daily life work, inlaid work are remarkable , lady playing with child, churning curd, potter making pots, elephant punishing a culprit etc.

Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu incarnations, Lord Brahma, Lord Ram, Balram, Parshuram, epics from Mahabharat, Ramayana  and Lord Krishna’s life are very well preserved .

Lord Vishnu riding Garuda's sholders, Sahatrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Lord Vishnu riding Garuda’s sholders, Sahatrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

 

Lord Shiva and above is Parshuram, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Lord Shiva and above is Parshuram, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Lord Shiva and Parsuram in meditation are on the west wall ( rear ) of Sahastrabahu temple

Carved Torna Mandap , Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Carved Torna Mandap , Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

The mandap of Sahastrabahu temple is beautiful carved pillars and Toranas , the carvings are of Lord Shiva with Parvati, Godess Chamamunda , Godess Ma Kali, Godess Ma Mahishasur Mardani .

Carvings in Mandap above Torna , Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Carvings in Mandap above Torna , Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

The walls above the Tornas are carved with epics from Ramayana and Mahabharat.

Butifull carved lotus, ceiling of Mandap, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipr

Butifull carved lotus, ceiling of Mandap, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipr

The ceiling above in the Mandap is beautifully carved lotus flower floating  in a water pool .

Mahishasur Mardan, pillar of Mandap, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Mahishasur Mardan, pillar of Mandap, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

One of the Mandap pillar carved to show Ma Mahishasur Mardani .

 

Lord Krishna taking away Rukmani on his chariot , Sahstrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Lord Krishna and Arjun on chariot scene from Mahabharat , Sahstrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

The projections of the roof plate ( chajja) depicting the Lord Krishna and Arjun on a chariot at Mahabharat battle field.

Lord Shiva with scaled snake skin, skull in one hand, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Lord Shiva with scaled snake skin, skull in one hand, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

One of the rare carving of Lord Shiva with four hands one of the left hand is carrying a skull trident in right hand and other two arms are carrying flowers , it is showing lord Shiva’s body skin of a snake with scales .

Balram in medation with club and Plough, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Balram in medation with club and Plough, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Just above the lord Shiva statue is the Balram , lord Krishna’s brother carrying a club and a plough in his hands, sitting  in deep meditation .

Ma Kali with skull in hand and Lord Shiva lying on ground, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Ma Kali with skull in hand and Lord Shiva lying on ground, Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

One of the outer wall is having Ma Kali with a skull in one hand a trishool in another hand and lord Shiva is lying on the ground with Ma Kali above the lord.

Carving Hindu Mythology Kalpavirksha a divine tree , Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Carving Hindu Mythology Kalpavirksha a divine tree , Sahastrabahu Temple, Nagda, Udaipur

Kalpavirksha or Kalpa padap is a divine tree as per the Hindu mythology , it is carved in the inner wall of the temple, it is said it is a wish fulfilling tree.

Ravaged and plundered by the invading Muslim armies in the 14th century, this temple has survived the turns of history gracefully. Worth visiting for its architectural beauty .

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Tiger Sighting in the Wild at Ranthambhore Rajasthan

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Planing a holiday to visit a Ranthambhore Wildlife Sanctuary?

Here are few simple steps which will help you to make sure you have a date with Tiger in wild .

Jogi Mahal Gate Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park

1. The Wildlife Sanctuary at Sawai Madhopur , Ranthambore , Rajasthan is among the high density in number of Tigers as compared to other 46 Tiger Sanctuaries spread all over India .

 

Canter & Jeeps in que at Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park

 2. The Ranthambore Tiger Reserve lies at the intersection of the Aravalis and the Vindhyan hill  Ranges  covered by Northern Tropical dry  forests ,  the trees shrubs shed their leaves at the end of the season in this region .

The Pug Mark , Foot Print of a Tiger

3. River Banas, a tributary of river Chambal divides this forest into two parts  one part is Kela Devi Sanctuary which is a dry Plateau and the Ranthnambore National Park, Sawai Madhopur Sanctuary and Sawai  Man Singh  Sanctuary covering approximately 530 Sq.Km. area rich in wild life  out of the 1334 Sq.Km. area The National Park  is home to over 40 species of Mammals, 300 species of Birds, 45 species of Reptiles and over 300 species of Plants .

Tiger at Ranthambhore Wildlife

4. Tigers keeps on moving in their marked area and tries to keep expanding it by leaving their scent on the tree barks and  rocks and keep protecting it from other tigers even at the cost of their life .

Female Tigress Cub , Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park

5. Register yourself online for the date and time you want to take the Jungle Safari  by Jeep or by Canter .

6. Book for minimum two or more visits in different Zones it is better to have  more than two to increases your chance in Tiger Sighting  .

7. Wear soft Green , Khaki or similar camouflage outfit , wear sunglasses and cap as there is lots of dust on the tracks .

8. Check with the driver about the route the vehicle is to take , if there were sighting in the previous day in the same or adjoining  Zone , drivers and guide follows the calls and pug marks in the direction of Tiger, listen to their instructions carefully .

9. When you sight a Tiger do not make any noise as Tiger is a shy animal it may run away in hiding, never use flash for taking a photo as it scares the animal , remain seated,  calm and give others also the opportunity to view and take photographs .

How to reach Sawai Madhopur Ranthambore 

Sawai Madhopur is a Railway Junction  on Delhi – Mumbai Western Railway main route all trains  passing on this route stops at this station as one track branches off for Jaipur from here .

It is well-connected by road State Highways from Jaipur , Agra , Kota , Bundi ,Tonk , Dausa , GangaPur City .

Nearest Airport is Jaipur , driving distance 160 km aprox 4 hrs.

Accommodation is available in form Budget category to any Star Category Hotels , Resorts and Swiss Camps .

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Bet Dwarka Temple , Gujarat

Bet Dwarka an island  is situated next to the shores of Okha which is about 29 km from Dwarka,  in the Gulf of Kutch , also known as Bet Shankhodhara and Ramandeep , It was a residence of Lord Krishna while Dwarka was his ruling / political seat , the name Bet Dwarka came from the incident of Lord Krishan’s  childhood friend   Sudama meet him and gave Bhet (Gift) of Tandul-Poha  (Rice).

Ferry from Okha port to Bet Dwarka

After crossing the 5 km creek by a ferry one is to walk about 10 minutes to reach the temple.

It is believed that Lord Krishna stayed at Bet Dwarka with his wife to save himself from scorching heat. The temple has a huge statue of the Lord Krishna platted in gold. The Temple’s shikhar is in one straight  line with Sharda shakti temple and  Devki ji (Krishna’s mother) temple sikhar It is also the seat of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. it is said that Bet Dwarka is the holiest pilgrimage place for the Vaishnav’s Hindus . Bet Dwarka now is abode of 20 Vishnu temples, 23 shiv temples, including well known Dhingeshvara , Nilkantheshwar, Abhaya , Dhara shakti peeths along with other 14 Devi temples. Nine Hanuman temples including well known Hanuman Dandi

Main entrance Lord Krishna Temple Bet Dwarka Beyond this gate photography is prohibited inside

The lane in which this temple is , flooded by small shops  selling shells, rosary beads , old coins , photos ,  idols of Lord Krishna, local crafts and refreshments . 500 year old temple is built by Shri Vallabhacharya, it enshrines an idol of gold believed to be made by Lord Krishna ‘s wife Rukmini , tradition is to  present the Brahmins here with donations of rice.

 Lord Buddha also stayed in Bet Dwarka,  there is a Stupa and on one of the chajja ( Gallery) in the main temple there is an image of Lord Buddha . Bet Dwarka has glorious history as Meera Bai  of Chittor , arrived from Rajasthan and  merged with the graceful image of Lord Krishna. Nana Saheb Peshava ( leader of 1857 war with British forces ) spent the last years of his life in Bet Dwarka.

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Abhaneri Step-Well: Architectural Wonder of 8th century

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Abhaneri – A Small Village near Jaipur, Rajasthan

Abhaneri is a small village in Rajasthan near Jaipur, while driving on National Highway 11A towards Agra, after crossing Dausa at Sikandara take a left turn on a State Highway 25 to Bandikui, then turn right at Gular Chauraha  for Abhaneri, total distance from Jaipur is 96 Kms, upon entering into the Abhaneri, first visible structure is a ruins of a Hindu temple of Goddess Harshat Mata built in 7-8th century AD, considered to be Goddess of Joy and Happiness, it is built on a double platform, on the walls are the statues & sculptures of Gods and Goddesses which depict images from daily life, built by King Chand, ruins of the temple still boasts the architectural and sculptural richness of medieval India, this city was known as “Abha Nagari“.
The Harshad Mata Temple built around 7-8 century AD
The Harshat Mata Temple built around 7-8 century AD
The walls of the temple carved with images and sculptures of Gods and Goddesses depicting images from daily life
The walls of the temple carved with images and sculptures of Gods and Goddesses depicting images from daily life

Chand Baori, A Step-Well

Just next to the temple is a enclosed rectangular courtyard type of structure, upon entering one reaches a Jharokha and coming down stairs on left one can see, the Baori (Step-Well)  on right, something which is unique to India, it is a water reservoir which not only has water also respite from heat in dry summers it is about 64 ft deep narrowing towards the bottom criss-crossing steps provided with double flight of steps on three sides reach the the water surface, it is one of the deepest and the largest step-well in India, the geometrical pattern of stairs gives the different magical images of the stairs, the light and shadow makes one spell bound, the stairs are on the three sides while on the one  side are the three storied pavilion with beautiful carved jharokhas, the galleries supported on Pillars and two projecting balconies enshrining beautiful sculptures. This surrounding area is semi desert, shrubs and small trees mainly the Kikar and Ber (Ber Berry), Amla (Goose berry) are found, there are only two seasonal rivers Banganga and Morle, agriculture is totally dependent on rains and ground water. Chand Raja was from the Gujara Pratihara clan claiming to be the descendant of Lord Ram’s younger brother Laxman, they were at their peak during 6-10th century AD, almost North of India, founder of this dynasty was Raja Hari Chandra and once dominated the Rajasthan, their capital city was Mandore near Jodhpur, during this period open pavilion temples were built the best examples are the temples are at Khajuraho in Madhya Paradesh and Osian in Rajasthan.
The beautiful arched hallway in front of the step-well adds to the beauty of Abhaneri Step-Well
The beautiful arched hallway in front of the step-well adds to the beauty of Abhaneri Step-Well
The front view of the Abhaneri Step-Well, A Marvelous piece of Architecture
[quote]The front view of the Abhaneri Step-Well, A Marvelous piece of Architecture[/quote] Full view of the stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well, which gives a sense of magical touch
Full view of the stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well, which gives a sense of magical touch
A closer look on the double flight stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well
A closer look on the double flight stairs of the Abhaneri Step-Well
The magical look of the stairs in the Step-Well, Only good architecture can explain that!
The magical look of the stairs in the Step-Well

 

Anil Kumar Rajput – Managing Director at Promark Travel, is in the travel trade since 1980, Hes has worked in India and abroad. A boxer, a Rifle Shooter and a Para Jumper in his college days, as a Boy Scout and NCC cadet, attended camps at many places which developed his interest in traveling and to explore new places, trekking and photography, loves driving to adventurous places , owns a business (promarktravels.com) which caters all the travel needs of it’s clients. Connect with him on Facebook (htttp://www.facebook.com/anil.k.rajput) and Twitter (@PromarkTravels)
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Jaisalmer , City and Fort , Rajasthan

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Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort

 

 

Jaisalmer a World Heritage City founded atop the Trikuta Hill in 1156 AD by Maha Rawal Jaisal Singh a Bhati Rajput , Sixth in his ruling generation, the earlier city was Loduvra , still has a Jain temple remembering its past .

A yellow stone which is available in abundant around  is used in the architecture of this city . It has given the identity of being named as Sonar Qila   or The Golden City of India .

World famous Balcony in stone at Patwa Haveli, Jaisalmer Fort

This city had a strategic location on route for trading caravans en route Persia , Middle East , Egypt ,Africa , Sindh ,  North and Central of India carrying Silk and Spices .

The Bhati Rajputs are Chandravanshi claims to be decedents of Lord Krishna , In 1293 AD the Turk emperor Ala Ud Din Khilji invaded India and captured the Fort , the Bhati Royal families migrated for safety to various places like Jaisal , Larkana , Talwandi . It was after 1627 AD when Mughal Emperor Shajahan took over , the Rawal Sahal Singh  acknowledge  his patronage and then in 1818 AD the King Mulraj accepted the political alliance with the British . After the 1947 AD the creation of independent India and Pakistan the trade route was shifted to Mumbai port and city lost its importance as a trade route.

Main entrace Toran gate Jain temple , Fort Jaisalmer

In Jaisalmer water is scarce as it is part of Thar Desert  it is almost entirely a sandy waste . There are no perennial streams, and only one small river Kakni  which flows for about 48 km and then vanishes into Rann Kutch . Amar Sagar was the water reservoir used as a main source of water which got dried up due to increase in demand for agriculture .

House , living Museum , Fort Jaisalmer

In 1367 AD Rawal Gadsi Singh excavated a lake now known as Gadsisar Lake  a water conservation tank to fulfill the water requirements of this dry city, till 1970 AD before the Rajasthan Canal came in , it was the main source of water for Jaisalmer 

Gadsisar Lake , Jaisalmer , Rajasthan

This city remained strategically important due to skirmishes between India and Pakistan , roads , rail head and the Rajasthan Canal served to revive the surrounding desert areas.

Kanoi Village , Desert Spring Camp at Sand Dunes

Tourism is a major industry in Jaisalmer , famous for its Sand Dunes , Desert wild life , Camping , Camel and Jeep  Safaris  around Jaisalmer attracts tourists from all over the world.

Sunset at Kanoi , Sand Dunes, Desert Spring camp

Tourists from all over the world come and stay at Desert Spring Camp to have an  experience of Sunset and Sunrise in the Thar Desert .

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Tigers at Ranthambhore National Park Sawai Madhopur Rajasthan

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Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park at Sawai Madhopur is in the State of Rajasthan , India . It is one of the largest National Park covering aprox. 392 Sq. Km. It was declared a Project Tiger Reserve in 1973 and then the National Park in 1980 . It is the best place to sight Tigers in wild  in their natural habitat as in this small area there are aprox. 60 Tigers in different Zones . Due to increase in population of Tigers, the forest Officials are relocating the few to the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary .

Entrance Ranthabhore Tiger Reserve

A. Ranthambhore Wildlife Park is open for visits from October till May every year , in the monsoons few zones remain open for the visit but due to water logging, slush and also the  mating period for the most of the wild animals including the Tigers therefore  it is not advised to visit the Forest wildlife .

Tiger Pug Mark , Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park

B. The online registration along with the photo ID,  is a  must for the Wildlife National Park visit, it  opens 90 days in advance, the visitor must carry and present the same ID at the time of entry into the National Park .

C. There are two time slot one in the morning 07 AM to 10.30 AM and afternoon 02 PM to 06 PM , these timings changes 30 minutes plus , minus depending on day lights .

D. Private Vehicles are not permitted in the National Park ,  Thirty seats Canter and Six seats Jeeps are permitted in a specific Zone with a restricted number of Vehicles allowed  for aprox. three hours within the time slot.

Ranthambhore wildlife Park Vehicle with Specific Zone nbr plate

E. The Ranthabhore Wildlfe National Park is divided into Ten Zones, Tigers are territorial animals and guard their territory , by marking scratches on Tree Trunks and rocks  with urine , body scent and anal secretions,  keep trying to extend it even at the cost of their own life , it is not limited to the Forest Zones marked by the Forest Officials . When one  visits Ranthambhore Wildlife in the particular Zone  Tigers present  there can be identified .

 

Ranthambhore Wildlife Zone Map

Zone 01.     Sultan ( T 72), Noor ( T 39 ), Ustad ( T 24 )

Zone 02 .   Krishna ( T 19 ), Gayatri ( T 22 ), Ustad ( T 24 ), Noor ( T 39 ), Sultan ( T 72 ), Jhumuru ( T 20 )

Zone 03.    Star ( T 28 ), Bhola/Dollar ( T 25 ), Krishna ( T 19 ) with three Cubs

Zone 04.    Machali ( T 16 ), Bhola/Dollar ( T 25 ), Krishna ( T 19 ) with Cubs, Star ( T 28 ), Romeo ( T 6 ), Mr. Bond ( T 47 )

Sunehri ‘s Cub at Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park

Zone 05.    Romeo ( T 6 ),  Sunehari  ( T 17 ) with three Cubs , Bhola/Dollar ( T 25 ) Bahadur ( T 6 ) .

Zone 06.    Ustad ( T 4 ), Kumbha ( T 34 ), Sultan ( T 72 ), Noor ( T 39 )

Zone 07.    Ladli ( T 8 ) with one Cub , Kumbha ( T 34 )

Zone 08.     Ladli ( T 8 ) with one Cub , Kumbha ( T 34 )

Zone 09.     Fateh ( T 42 )

Zone 10.     Fatheh ( T 42 ) , Old Sultanpur ( T 13 ), with three Cubs

There are many other animals other than Tigers like Leopards,  Sambhar Deer, Chetal, Neel Gai, Langur, Jackals, Sloth Bears, Three types of Foxes, Rats, Hedgehog, Mongooses, Turtles, Crocodiles, Tortoise, Snakes, Pythons and Lizards and many birds one can see at Ranthambhore Wildlife National Park .

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Harmandir Sahib, Golden Temple, Amritsar

Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib and as western’s call it the Golden Temple the supreme religious seat of Sikhs  is in the holy city of Amritsar , Punjab state  in North India .

Amritsar is also mentioned  as Ramdas Pur in earlier historical records , it is also pronounced as Ambarsar ( Pool of Ambrosia ) . City was established by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Dass Ji by purchasing the land from the residents of the village Tung in 1574 AD The area around Amritsar has the legend of Ramayana associated with it ,  Rishi Balmiki’s ashram was here , the Devi Sita the Lord Rams wife  lived in exile and gave  birth twin sons  Lavh and Kush. It is said when the twin brothers  killed the entire  army of Lord Ram , at that time a jug of Ambrosia descended from heaven to restore the soldiers to life.

First view of Darbar Sahib from Eastern Gate, Amritsar

It was in 1574 A.D. Guru Ram Das Ji made his home by the side of the pool, finding the air and water of his abode health-giving  which was regarded as blessed with miraculous powers of healing and in 1577 AD.holy tank was excavated and named it Amritsar and the present city grew around it . The Fifth Guru Arjan Dev Ji conceived the idea of construction of the Gurudwara in the center of the pool, he himself designed and laid the foundation stone in late 1588  , it has four entrances symbolizing it open for all , it was completed in 1604 AD and Guru Granth Sahib was installed in it . After this event it attained the status of ‘Ath Sath Tirath’ and  the Sikh community had their own Tirath, a pilgrimage center .

Darshani Deori , main entrance to the Harmandir Sahib

The present  Harmandir Sahib was rebuilt in 1764 by the Jassa Singh Ahluwalia later  the founder of Kapurthala State in Punjab , it is said he in a battle with Afghans in 1762  (Wadha Gulughara) who had destroyed Harmandir Sahib,  received Sixty Four wounds .

The Nishan Sahib ( Flag)

The Gold plating and marble work was carried out in 19 centenary under the patronage of Maharaja Ranjit Singh Ji and Sardar Hukam Singh Chimni who happened to be member and speaker of Parliament and then the Governor of Rajasthan state.

Architecture of Harimandir Sahib is a unique harmony between the Muslims and the Hindus way of construction work . It is often quoted that this architecture has created an independent Sikh school of architecture in the history of art in India.

View early morning Darbar Sahib , Amritsar

 Harmandir means the temple of God , Its sanctum came to house the Adi Granth , comprising compositions of Sikh Gurus and other saints considered to have Sikh values and philosphies

Harmandir Sahib , Amritsar

 

 

 

Darbar Sahib at Night , Amritsar

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Landline office  011 45725562 , 45725563 

Callers from outside India +447700093414

Email : promark@promarktravels.com