Churu Havelis Fresco Paintings

Churu Havelis Frescos Paintings
Churu is a small sleepy town in Rajasthan on the edge of Desert , also known as the gateway to Thar Desert. This place was founded by The Jat Chieftain – Churru in 1620 and the it was later taken over by The Rathores of Bikaner in 1871.

One of the abandond haveli at Churu

One of the abandond haveli at Churu


 
Main entrance of a Haveli

Main entrance of a Haveli


This town was on the caravan trading route during the 18th century when the Marwari merchants had established themselves in Central Asia , Iran, Afghanistan , Nepal, Tibet, Burma and Thailand dealing in Horses, Silk , Ivory, Opium, wool and spices they had established themselves by migrating with the Rajput and Mughal armies , setting up the banking system , became money launderers , even the royal families gave them the rights of collecting revenue in exchange towards the loan for the state . These Marwaris with simple food habits made their homes showcasing their wealth.
Fresco painting outer wall of a haveli in Churu

Fresco painting outer wall of a haveli in Churu


 
Inner walls Fresco paintings , courtyard Haveli in Churu

Inner walls Fresco paintings , courtyard Haveli in Churu


Havelis are compact with a courtyard , tall buildings with 1.6 ft. thick stone walls with small openings of shaded projections covered with perforated stones screen , rooms with roof minimum 15 feet height  plastered with limes mortar , paintings were not possible on the local available rough surface stones, smooth white surface was created , paintings were done in variety of colours obtained from natural stone or vegetables, many places extensive work in gold and mirror added to the beauty , in Churu havilies were built from 1840s until 1950s .
Fresco paintings inner walls of haveli in Churu

Fresco paintings inner walls of haveli in Churu


Apart from these havelis (mansions), baithaks (reception space for guests), dharamshalas (caravan sarai), nohras (service area), dukans (shop), mandirs (temple), samadhis (memorial structure), chhatris (cenotaphs), bageechis (pleasure garden) and gaushalas(cattle shelter) were also made .
Fresco flower designs inner wall of a haveli in Churu

Fresco flower designs inner wall of a haveli in Churu


The presence of frescoes painted on the external and internal walls of most buildings. The region boasts of a unique collection of painted buildings.  a rare profusion of finely executed mural paintings across hundreds of beautiful havelis (mansions), temples, cenotaphs, dharamshalas (inns), shops, sarais, wells and tanks.
Shekhawati and Italian style pillars , guest area in a haveli at Churu

Shekhawati and Italian style pillars , guest area in a haveli at Churu


These paintings depict the lavish style of living, fashion style, jewellery,  activities of daily life, folklore tales, rulers, war heros , Hindu God and Godesses , events , train , cars, animals, British rulers and even film actors .
Pillars , Shekhawati and Italian style , haveli at Churu

Pillars , Shekhawati and Italian style , haveli at Churu


After the establishment of the British in India, Marwari merchants started migrating to Calcutta and other places in central India flourshing even more and spent and decorated more on the palatial houses for their families in Churu , with the time they have scattered and settled elsewhere ,
Bedroom wall and cealing paintings, haveli in Churu

Bedroom wall and cealing paintings, haveli in Churu


 
Cealing and wall of a bedroom , haveli in Churu

Cealing and wall of a bedroom , haveli in Churu


many of these havelis are in dilapidated state in the absence of proper care but still one can see their glorious past .
Fresco Paintings Cenotaph of a Marwari merchant at Churu

Fresco Paintings Cenotaph of a Marwari merchant at Churu


memorial of a Marwari trader

memorial of a Marwari trader


These painted buildings are unique to the region and worthy of not just national but international recognition.
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Khajuraho Temples of Love Madhya Pradesh

Khajuraho a small town in Madhya Pradesh State once use to be the cultural capital of Chandela Rajputs of Central India from the 10 to 12 centenary , the world famous temples also the UNESCO World Heritage Site, were built during 950 AD to 1150 AD by the Chandela artisans .
There is a airport in Khajuraho one can reach here by Air from Delhi and Varanasi , There is a overnight train from Delhi , One can also reach here by taking trains  from Delhi , Agra, Bhopal , Mumbai, Nagpur, Bangalore , Hyderabad , Trivandrum to Jhansi and then a three hours road journey to Khajuraho on way one can visit the Orcha famous for Ram Raja Temple and wall and roof paintings at Orcha Fort .

Originally 85 such temples were built spread over in a 20 sq. km area but now only 25 temples are in good shape , after the decline of Chandelas the local villagers maintained the temples , with time the dense forest cover and weather took the toll and outside world even forgot these temples , in 19 Centenary these temples came in the notice of British Officers but it came on a world tourist map with the efforts of Mr. Shyam Sunder Poddar who visited this place  and his  fore sight saw the importance of this place , he built a hotel which started receiving guests  in 1969 and then Indian Airlines started the first flight from 15 Feb 1969 , his son Mr. Kanti Poddar trained the local people how to deal with the Foreigners , today Khajuraho is a the most visited site after the Taj Mahal in India .

Lakshmana Temple , Khajuraho


People wonder how and what was the purpose these temples were built , the legend is , the Hem Raj the Raj Purohit ( Royal Priest) of  King of Benaras had a beautiful daughter name Hemvati , once she was bathing in the river at a full moon night when The Moon fell in love with her and came down Hemvati got embraced by Moon and got pregnant , she asked the Moon that how she will face the world as she was  not married , The Moon told her that she will have a brave son and she should leave this place and move to Khajuravatika  the Garden of Dates , son who was named Chandravarma

State Emblem of Chandela Rajputs , Khajuraho


The boy was talented , brave and sharp , at  the age of 16 he killed his first Tiger. He was made the king  and his progeny, called Chandel’s . They are regarded to be Chandravanshi  i.e., the descendants of Soma (Sanskrit literal meaning: moon).

Kandharia Mahadev Temple Khajuraho


After some time  Mohoba and then Kalinjar became the Political capital and Khajuraho remained as cultural capital .

Vastu , Geometry, Archetecure and Art at one place Temples of Khajuraho


The Khajuraho temples were built over a span of 200 years, from 950AD to 1150AD .  Khajuraho has no forts because the Chandel Kings never lived in their cultural capital.

One of the Erotic art plate on Temple Outer Wall , Khajuraho


The erotic sculptures were crafted by Chandela artisans.  Today, the temples serve as fine examples of Indian architectural styles that have gained popularity due to their explicit depiction of sexual life during medieval times.
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